Skip to main content

Full text of "American missionary register"

See other formats


I No. ire . I 

® OP ^ 

I INQUIRY ON MISSIONS^ | 

I AND I 

I THE STATE OF RELIGION | 



OF THE 

Theological Seminary 

PRINCETON, N. J. 

Case, _ 

Shelf, s ^7 
Booky 



I 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2015 



https://archive.org/details/americanmissiona6818unit 



Vol. VI. 



AUGUST, 1825. 



No. 8. 



FROM THE LONDON MISSIO.N'ARY REGISTER. 

CHARACTERS AND OBITUARIES OF THREE NATIVES OF INDIA. 



The Female and the young Semiriarist, 
Tvhose deaths are here recorded, were con- 
nected with the Missions of the Church 
Missionary Society. Vesuvasum, the third 
Christian here mentioned, belonged to the 
Travancore Mission of the London Mis- 
sionary Society. 

FRANCES ALLEN. 

The Rev. W. Bowlcy, of Chunar, sends 
the following interesting account of a 
pious Girl in Lis congregation. 
The father of this little girl died about 
twelve months before her. From the tin:ie 
of his death, she had been under the sole 
management of her widowed mother, a 
pious Member of our Church. 

From very early age, this child had mani- 
fested a superior genius, much beyond tlie 
generality of children in India. She was 
also obedient, respectful, and affectionate 
to her mother. These amiable qualities, 
together with her modest}', seemed to grow 
with her growth ; and, with the respect and 
courtesy which she paid to her superiors, 
attracted the notice and gained the affection 
of those who knew her. Often, w hen her 
mother returned home after a long walk, 
this dear little creature used to approach 
her with great aifection — press her feet, in 
order, as she said, to alleviate tb.e pain and 
fatigue which her mother must have felt — 
and then Lrino; water in a basin to wash 
them. Thus did she entwine round the af- 
fection of her parent, and reward her for the 
pious care and discipline which she exer- 
cised over her : had these services been re- 
quired of her, it were of less import ; but 
they were entirely voluntary. 

Her mother, being herself blessed with a 
delight in spiritual things, made it a point 
ofdnty to have her daughter always at 

Vol. VI. 20 



Church ; where she conducted herself with 
order and attention — frequently manifest- 
ing, by the answers wliich she gave to the 
questions put to her, that slie understood 
something of what she heard : at times, 
she could retain but little ; which she im- 
puted to the conduct of the children about 
her. 

Thus did she continue to behave till sh(r 
was taken ill. During her illness, which 
was about three weeks, she manifested a 
patient and resigned disposition. On the 
day of her death, I saw her in the morning, 
when she was calm and quiet, and had a 
pleasant look. About two hours previous, 
she sat up on the bed ; and, as if conscious 
that she must soon stand before her Judge, 
to render an account for the deeds done in 
the body, she turned round to her godmo- 
ther and then to her mother, and, with her 
little hands joined together, humbly begged 
pardon for whatever offences she had hi- 
therto done: which being granted, with a 
prayer that God might forgive her, she lay 
rom))osed til! within a few minutes of her 
death, when she turned to her mother, ex- 
claiming, "Mother, 1 am going !" To these 
heart-rending uords, the devout mother, 
without the least hesitation, replied, — 
" Well ! my dear — if Jesus Christ calls 
you away, you may go !" She embraced 
her mother most affectionately, clasped her 
arms round her neck, and continued to kiss 
her heartily for some time ; and, almsst 
immediately after, her spirit took its flight, 
v. ithout the least struggle or agitation, to 
its eternal rest. 

nOOROOPATTAM. 

The following account of this Youth, who 
was one of the Seminarists, at Madras, of 
the Church ?:Iissionary Society, is given hj 
the Rev. William Savrver. 



226 



BiOGRiVPHY. 



[Aug. 



The day preceding his death, he appeared 
deeply affected by the sudden death of one 
of bis schoolfellows who had only come to 
the Seminary on the preceding day. Just 
as the body of this youth was being placed 
on the bier, in order to its interment in 
Vepery Burial-ground, Gooroopattam came 
to me, and complained of the same symp- 
toms as had proved fatal the day before. I 
asked him whether he felt any fear: lie in- 
stantly replied, " No, not the least fear." 
1 gave him the first dose of medicine pre- 
viously to "oing to the funeral of the other 
boy, and left directions for its repetition 
every twenty minutes until 1 returned. On 
my return, he was apparently better : about 
eight o'clock, however, he grew worse ; and, 
from this time, medicine of the strongest 
kind had no effect. 

When I found how the attack would ter- 
minate, and that but a short time remained 
to him here, I asked him several questions 
with regard to his soul, to which he gave 
satisfactory answers. I had not been ab- 
sent from him above half an hour, when he 
sent word that he desired to speak with me. 
On my going up to him, he seemed to be 
completely altered : his countenance was 
settled, and his voice strong and clear ; and 
his deep sunk eye gave him the appearance 
of an aged Christian, giving his last counsel 
to surrounding friends. Raising himself up, 
he stretched out his cold hand to shake 
hands with me : while pressing my hand 
very forcibly, he spoke as follows : " I am 
now on a long journey, even on a journey 
to heaven : I feel unworthy to shake hands 
with you, but yet I take the liberty of doing 
so." He then thanked me, in a most affect- 
ing manner, for the kindness which I had 
shown him. After this, he told me that he 
had four fanams which he wished to dispose 
of— "When I am dead, give two fanams to 
the Ayah," servant, " for her love and affec- 
tion toward me in this my last illness, and 
one fanam to each of my relations." This 
and some other little Avorldly concei'ns being 
settled, with all the precision of a man in 
full health, he said, " God has blessed my 
mother with five children. I am about to 
be taken from her. I desire that the intel- 
ligence of my death may be communicated 
to her ; but with the request that she will 
not come to Madras, as it will be attended 
with her death." He then addressed him- 
self thus to his fellow-scholars: — "The 
words of the Lord are, A'b man, havmg put 
his hand to the plough and looking back, is Jit 
for the kingdom of heaven : therefore, as you 
are called to preach the words of truth to 
the Heathen, be faithful and labour." 
At his request, the tenth verse of the Second 
Chapter of Micah was read to iiim — Arise 
ye, and depart ; for this is not your rest ; he- 
cnuse it is polluted, it shall destroy you, even 



with a sore destruction. He then shook 
hands, separately, with each person pre- 
sent ; embracing his relations. " Pray for 
me," he said, " every one of you, and I will 
think of you in Heaven." He seemed 
pleased with this idea. 

Finding his mind so clear and composed, 
I thought it a favourable opportunity to ask 
him some questions, which might satisfy 
me more as to his state before God. " You 
seem composed," 1 said. " Does this arise 
from solid peace in your heart?" "Yes" — 
" Now, tell me what is the kind of peace 
which you feel?" " The peace of God" — 
" HoAV did you come to possess this peace ?" 
" By believing in Jesus Christ" — When did 
you begin to know Christ ? Was it at Tran- 
quebar, or since you came to the Semina- 
ry ?" " After my admission into this Insti- 
tution, 1 became possessed of this know- 
ledge" — "In what particular manner did 
you come to this precious knowledge ?" 
" By reading the Word of God"—" Did any 
particular passage strike you?" "Yes" — 
" What was it ?" " This is a faithfid saying, 
and worthy of all acceptation, that Jesvs Christ 
ccune into the world to save sinners.^^ This 
was a text from which 1 h-ad preached, some 
months before — " Had you ever any con- 
versation on this subject with any one ?" 
" Yes : I heard a sermon preached once, 
and also conversed with my other friends in 
the Seminary"— " Did the death of little 
Arseervardam," a boy who died suddenly 
by the bite of a snake, " make any particu- 
lar impression on your mind ; and do you 
think you derived any profit from it?" "I 
think I knew Christ before that, and have 
known him since." 

Finding the poor little boy getting weak, 
I asked bim no more questions. He was 
still sitting, supported by two or three per- 
sons ; when, beginning to feel weak, he de- 
sired to be laid down, and said, most em- 
phatically—-" Now I can speak no more — 
leave me to myself." These were his last 
words. He was laid down, and never after- 
ward was observed to move. 

Thus was God glorified in the death of a 
boy of thirteen or fourteen years of age. 

The impression made on the minds of 
the other boys remains until this day ; and 
other servants of the Mission, who were 
present, say that they shall never forget the 
interesting but affecting scene. When the 
particulars were mentioned to several Hea- 
thens, they said that the power of the god 
had come down into him. 

VESUVASUM. 

The Rev, Charles MauU, of Nagracoil, in 
South Travancore, thus speaks in re- 
ference to this aged Christian : — 
Vesuvasum, whose name signifies 

"Faith," was baptized, with his family, by 



1825.] 



II I STORY OF IIAYTI. 



227 



Mr. Ringdtaubc. His attendance on the 
means of grace, ever since 1 have known 
him, has been regular. In conversation he 
said very little ; but that was generally to 
the purpose, and showed that he thought 
about the truths which he heard. Indeed, 
he seemed to take great pleasure in the or- 
dinances of religion, and was very atten- 
tive under the preaching of the Word. 
This I particularly noticed the Sabbath pre- 
vious to his death, while I was explaining 
the nature of a sinner's conversion to God ; 
he was deeply intcirested in the r,;'Jiject ; 
and appeared to hear as one would who was 
sensible that there was but a step between 
him and death ; which proved to be really 
the case ; for, in the follov/ing week, he 
■was seized by that painful disease the 
Cholera Morbus, which in a few hours put 
a period to his life. 

At intervals he took the I^ew Testament 
and read it. He prayed frequently, that 
the Lord would give him true repentance 
for 'all his sins and faith in Jesus Christ. 
These seasons were often interrupted by 
fits that attend this disease, which occasion- 
ed delirium. 

At one time, on recovering from one of 
these tits, a Heathen Priest, accompanied 
by some of his Heathen Friends, who were 
sent for by the neighbours for the purpose 
of curing his complaint and to induce him 
to renounce the Gospel, came in. He be- 
gan to persuade the poor man to forsake 
the God whom he had been serving, and to 
give offerings to the gods which he had so 
long forsaken ; and to put the mark on his 
forehead, as a pledge of his return to Hea- 
thenism—telling him, by doing these things, 
he would restore him to health. To which 
he answered, " Are you come here to de- 
stroy my soul ? To the God, who gave my 
soul, I will comm;}; it. Moreover, you say, 
if I worship your gods I shall not die. Is 
this true ? Do not some of those persons 
die by this disease who worship them ? And 
is there not a period coming when you 



yourselves will die ? And if you die in 
your unconverted state, you will go to hell. 
If I now die, it is with the lively expecta- 
tion of dwelling in the presence of God my 
Saviour for ever !" He then desired them 
to leave his house. 

After this, he said to his wife, children, 
and friends who were present, " Be not de- 
ceived with the words of this man. The 
Lord, by taking me, will deliver me from 
his snare. Oh give not heed to such lying 
vanities, but repent of your sins, and be 
lieve i:i the Gospel of Christ. You know 
that I have been a great sinner ; and 
that I have often prayed to the Lord for the 
pardon of sin, and for peace of mind. Now 
death is come near to me, I can cheerfully 
resign my soul to the Lord for complete 
salvation." He turned to his wife and chil- 
dren, and said, *' I shall soon be separated 
from you, and made one with the Lord. 
Believe on Him wit'), your whole soul, and 
He will be a father and a husband to you. 
As you do not know the day nor hour of 
your death, go to the Lord Jesus Christ 
without delay ; and ask, in earnestness and 
in truth, the pardon of all your sins." He 
then turned to his nephew, who is the 
schoolmaster of the place, and said, " I 
shall die : I, therefore, entreat you to be 
very kind to my wife and children. He 
was now very much exhausted. Soon after 
he was heard to say, " O Lord, receive me 
into Thy kingdom!" — and so departed iu 
peace. 

I was forcibly struck with the contrast 
between the last moments of this man and 
(hose of a Heathen. Having felt the in- 
fluence of the Gospel, he dies, not only in 
peace, but with feelings of the tenderest 
concern for his wife and children, whom he 
leaves behind ; while a Heathen, after he 
perceives that there is no hope of life, sinks 
generally into a state of insensibility and 
apathy towai-ds his nearest relatives, and 
into a total indilference in reference to a 
future state. 



[Continued from p. 211.] 

Bonaparte determines to reconquer St. Do- 
mingo. 

The autumn of the year 1801, beheld 
every part of St. Domingo in quiet submis- 
sion to the authority of the negro chief, and 
rapidly improving in wealth and happiness 
under his wise administration. But this 
prosperity was soon to be interrupted by 



calamities as tremetidously severe as a. > 
which ever visited that afflicted island. 

The cessation of hostilities between Great: 
Britain and France, which took place on 
the signing of the preliminaries of peace in 
the month of October, left the French navy, 
which for several years had not been able to 
quit its ports with impunity, once more at 
liberty to traverse the ocean. Bonaparte, 
who now held the supreme power, under 



328 



HISTORY OF HAYTI 



[Aue. 



the title of First Consul, immediately de- 
termined on sending an expedition across 
the Atlantic. 

Sailmg of the Expedition. 
A fleet of twenty-six ships of war was 
collected in the harbours of Brest, L'Orient, 
and Rochfort. On board the fleet and the 
transports Avhich accompanied it, was em- 
barked an army of twenty-five thousand 
men, the flower of the French soldiery, and 
completely equipped. At the head o( the 
army was placed General Le Clerc, brother- 
in-law to the First Consul, assisted by se- 
veral of the most able and experienced ge- 
nerals that France could produce for such a 
service. One of the divisions was com- 
manded by General Rochambeau, who had 
been a proprietor of an estate in the island, 
and Avas well knov/n for his attach n»ent to 
the cause of negro slavery. The fleet was 
commanded by Admiral Villaret, who had 
been in the royal service before the revolu- 
tion ; and under him were Rear-admiral 
Latouche and Captain Magon. To parti- 
cipate in the expected triumphs, Madame 
te Clerc accompanied her husband, as did 
her younger brother Jerome Bonaparte. 

The First Consul, however, not relying 
entirely on force for the accomplishment of 
his purpose, determined on every method 
that could be devised, to secure the co-ope- 
ration of Toussaint, or at least to prevent 
his active hostility. Toussaint had sent 
hb two elder sons to France to be edu- 
cated. These youths were taken from 
their studies, and sent on board the fleet, 
as hostages for the conduct of their father. 

The fleet sailed on the 14th of Decem- 
ber, 1801, and arrived in the bay of Sa- 
mana, on the eastern coast of St. Domingo, 
on the 28th of the following month. Ge- 
neral Le Clerc now despatched three divi- 
sions of his force, which he wished to fall, 
like so many sky-rockets, on three princi- 
pal places of the island nearly at the same 
time. General Kersevan was sent with 
one division to the city of St. Domingo. 
Rear-admiral Latouche was ordered to carry 
another, under General Baudet, to Port-au- 
Prince ; and Captain Magon to land the 
troops, under General Rochambeau in Man- 
cenillo Bay, near Fort Dauphin. Le Clerc 
himself with the rest of his troops, pro- 
ceeded to Cape Francois, and reached that 
harbour on the 2d of February. 

Capture of Fort Dauphin. 
Before the other parts of the arma- 
ment could get round to their points of at- 
tack, on the 2d of February, General Ro- 
chambeau with his division arrived at Fort 
Dauphin, and the troops were instantly 
landed. No summons was sent, to give 
the poor colonists a chance of saving their 



lives by submission. The troops were im- 
mediately drawn up inj'battle array on the 
beach. The negroes ran in crowds to be- 
hold the strange sight, and without having 
the least notice of what was designed 
against them, they were charged with the 
bayonet ; great numbers were killed, and 
the rest fled, leaving the French masters of 
the fort. 

.N'oble conduct of Christophe. 
On the next day, the main body of the 
fleet and army, under Villaret and Le 
Clerc, arrived off Cape Franqois, and imme- 
diate preparations were made to land and 
take possession of the town. But Chris- 
tophe, the black general, who commanded 
at this important post, on the approach of 
the fleet, sent on board a mulatto, who ex- 
ercised the office of post-captain, to inform 
the commander of the expedition, that the 
general-in-chief being absent in the inte- 
rior country, no disembarkation of any 
military force could be permitted to take 
place, till the return of a messenger who 
had been despatched to acquaint him with 
the arrival of the French, and to receive 
his commands ; — that if the French should 
refuse to wait, and should attempt to force 
a landing, all the white inhabitants would 
be considered as hostages for their con- 
duct, and that an attack upon the town 
would be followed by its immediate con- 
flagration. General Le Clerc, thinking it 
necessary to accompany his demonstrations 
of power with profession^ of kindness, re- 
plied that he would write to General Chris- 
tophe, and inform him of the friendly inten- 
tions with which he came. He accordingly 
wrote a letter, containing a mixture of con- 
ciliation and menace, Avhich drew from 
Christophe a very dignified reply ; a reply 
not unv/orthy of a Roman general in the 
best times of the republic : 

** If you put in force your threats of hos- 
tility," said Christophe, " I shall make the 
resistance which becomes a general ofticer : 
and should the chance of war be in your 
favour, you shall not enter Cape Town till 
it be reduced to ashes; nay, even in the 
ruins I will renew the combat. 

"The troops which you say are at this 
moment landing, I consider as so many 
pieces of cards which the slightest breath 
of wind will dissipate. 

" As to the loss of your esteem, General, 
I assure you that I desire moi ro «'arn it at 
the price you set upon it ; since to purchase 
it I must be guilty of a breach of duty." 

Proclamalion of Bonaparte. 
The French officer returned with this 
letter on the next day, the 4th of February. 
A deputation from the terrified inhabitants, 
headed by the mayor, went on board t;^he 



1825.] 



HISTORY OF HAYTI. 



229 



fleet, and entreated the general to take 
their unfortunate circumstances into con- 
sideration ; for that the blacks were deter- 
mined on the first signai for disembarka- 
tion to set fire to the city and to put all the 
■white people to the sword. The general 
received the deputation with great polite- 
ness, but dismissed them without any pro- 
mise of refraining from hostile measures : 
he only directed them, on their return, to 
read the proclamation of the First Consul 
in the town, and to represent his kind in- 
tentions towards all the inhabitants. 

The proclamation was drawn up in the 
same insidious style which characterized 
many other productions of the revolutionary 
cabinet ; being intended to delude the mass 
of the negro population into a belief, that 
the designs of the French government were 
altogether friendly, and that no violence 
would be employed, but in the event of a re- 
jection of its offered fraternity. 

" Inhabitants of St. Domlvgo. 
*' Whatever your origin or your colour, 
5'ou are all French: you are ail free, and 
all equal, before God, and before the Re- 
public. 

"France, like St. Domingo, has been a 
prey to factions, torn by civil commotions, 
and by foreign wars. But all has changed ; 
all nations have embraced the French, and 
have sworn to them peace and amity : the 
Frencb people, too, have embraced each 
other, and have t vorn to be all friends and 
brothers. Come also, embrace the French, 
and rejoice to see again your friends and 
brothers of Europe. 

" The government sends you Captain- 
General Le Clerc : he brings with him nu- 
merous forces for protecting you against 
your enemies, and against the enemies of 
the Republic. If it be said to you, these 
forces are destined to ravish from you your 
liberty ; answer, The Republic v.ill not 
suffer it to be taken fi-om us. 

" Rally round the Captain-General ; he 
brings you peace and plenty. Rally all of 
you around him. Whoever shall dare to 
separate himself from the Captain General, 
will be a traitor to his country, and the in- 
dignation of the Republic will devour him, 
as the fire devours your dried canes. 
Done at Paris, &.c. 
(Signed) 

*' The First Consul, bonaparte. 
" The Secretary of State, H. B. Maret." 

Cape Fravgois burnt and evacuated. 
Le Clerc was not disposed to wait for the 
arrival of despatches from Toussaint, much 
less for his return in person ; but was 
rather willing to profit by the absence of a 
chief of his acknowledged talents. He 
therefore only waited to be informed that 
Hocbambeau had effected a landing at Fort 



Dauphin, and was ready to co-operate. 
This intelligence he received on the 5th day 
of the month, and immediately prepared to 
commence his operations on the day fol- 
lowing. 

To avoid the loss likely to be sustained 
by disembarking under the guns of the for- 
tifications, and ill hope of gaining the 
heights of the Cape before the negroes 
could put their threats of fire and sword 
into execution, Le Clerc landed his troops 
at Du Limbe, a point of land a few miles 
to the westward. Villaret, early in the 
morning, taking advantage of a favourable 
breeze, proceeded towards the town, and 
the rest of the squadron followed*- But no 
sooner were the movements announced to 
the negro commandant, than knowing the 
town not lO be defensible, especially with 
the disaffection \^hich he ^^c\l understood 
to be generally prevalent among the-white 
inhabitants, he immediately gave orders 
for setting fire to it in various places. In 
the evening, when Le Clerc came within 
sight of it, he beheld it in flames. The 
whole squadron anchored at the Mole in 
safety ; the crews were immediately dis- 
embarked, and, together with a body of 
twelve hundred troops under General Hum- 
bert, who had landed and made a diversion 
in favour of Le Clerc, exerted themselves 
with great diligence in endeavouring to ex- 
tinguish the flames : but a few houses in 
the lower parts of the town were all they 
could save from the general destruction. 

ToussainVs Intervieio with his Sons, 

All the divisions of the French force 
having made good their landing, Le Clerc 
thought it was the proper time, before any 
attempt to penetrate into the interior, to 
make trial of the scheme intended to be 
practised upon the feelings of Toussaint. 
Bonaparte's letter to him was now de- 
livered, and an interview was to be effected 
between him and his two sons, whom the 
caresses of the First Consul, and ti^ en- 
joyment of every indulgence, had impressed 
with a belief that it was the interest ol their 
father to comply with the proposal to be 
made to him by Le Clerc. 

From the smoking ruiiis of Cape Fran- 
cois, an emissary was accordingly despatch- 
ed to Li 'ury, Toussaint's country resi- 
dence, about ten leagues from the Cape. 
The man commissioned to deliver Bona- 
parte's letter, and to intro^-uce the two 
youths to their father, was Coisnon, their 
tutor ; who had accompanied them from 
France, and was one of the chief and con- 
fidential agents in this expedition. His 
orders were to let his pupils see and em- 
brace their parents, but not to suffer them 
to remain unless their father would pro- 
mise entire acquiescence in the wishes of 



230 



HISTORY OF HAYTI. 



[Aug. 



the First Consul. If Toussaint should ac- 
cept the offers made to him, he was to be 
required immediately to repair to the Cape, 
to receive the commands of Lc Clerc, and 
to become his lieutenant-geiicral : but if 
he should refuse, his sons were to !)e torn 
from his arms, and brought back again as 
hostages, Toussaint having pledged him- 
self in this case for the safe return both of 
the envoy and of his pupils. 

When Coisnonand the two youths reach- 
ed Ennery, Toussaint was absent, having 
been called on urgent public business to a 
distant part of the island. His faith- 
ful wife received her two sons, .^j an af- 
fectionate and tender mother .night be 
expected to v;c!come children, vho ^rA 
been s'^parated from her for s :: cn or eight 
years; and imp''o> :d bodi in stature and 
accompi; iKiienis, were now returned in all 
the vigour and loveliness of youth. A 
courier was imniedia<^ely despatched to in- 
form Toussaint of the arrival of his children, 
and he soon arrived at Ennery. The two 
sons ran to meet their father, and he, with 
emotions too big for utterance, clasped 
them silently in his arms. Few, it is to be 
hoped, are the partakers of our common na- 
ture, who on witnessing the embraces and 
tears of parental and filial sensibility could 
have proceeded, at least without powerful 
relentings of heart, to execute the com- 
mission with which Coisnon was charged. 
But this cold-blooded emissary of France 
beheld the scene with a barbarous apathy, 
.worthy of the cause in which he was em- 
ployed. When the first burst of paternal 
feeling was over, Toussaint stretched out 
his arms to him ivhom he regarded with 
complacency as the tutor of his children, 
and their conductor to the roof and em- 
braces of their parents. This was the mo- 
ment which Coisnon thought most favoura- 
ble to the perpetration of his treacherous 
design. " The father and the two sons," 
says he, " threw themselves into each 
others' arms. I saw them shed tears, and 
wishing to take advantage of a period which 
I conceived to be favourable, I stopped him 
at the moment when he stretched out his 
arms to me." 

Retiring from the embrace of Toussaint, 
Coisnon assailed him in a set speech, per- 
suading him to accede to the overtures of 
the Consul ; describing in glowing colours 
the advantages to be gained by joining the 
French standard, and denouncing the most 
im.placable hostility and dreadful vengeance 
as the inevitable consequence of a refusal ; 
expatiating on the hopelessness of any ef- 
forts to resist armies which had conquered 
the legions of combined Europe ; and 
which nov.' i^ad no enemy to contend with 
but the rebels of St. Domingo ; declaring 
that no designs were entertained of in- 



fringing on the liberty of the blacks ; and 
desiring him to reflect on the situation of 
his children, who, unless he would submit, 
were immediately to be carried back to 
the Cape, never more perhaps to gladden 
the hearts ol their parents. The orator 
concluded by putting into Toussaint's hands 
a letter (rom General Le Clerc, and aaother 
from the Fust Consul. 

Isaac, the eldest son, next addressed his 
father, representing the great kindness with 
which his brother and himself bad been 
treated by Bonaparte, and the high esteem 
a.;J regard which the consul proff ssed for 
Toussaint and hi- \iiiiil) iiiu younger 
son added something that he had been 
taught to the same effect ; and both, with 
artless eloquence of their own, endeavour- 
ed to win their father to a purpose, of the 
true nature and probable consequences of 
which they had no suspicion. To their per- 
suasions were added the tears and entrea- 
ties of their distressed mother. Toussaint 
appeared to hesitate amidst these tender so- 
licitations. His features seemed to indicate 
an inward conflict of passion and principle. 
Coisnon observed these appearances with 
savage pleasure, and began to anticipate a 
victory. With more zeal than caution, he 
now suggested the necessity of Toussaint's 
immediately hastening to the Cape to join 
General Le Clerc. Confirmed in his suspi- 
cions of the snare that was laid for him, 
Toussaint suddenly composed his agitated 
countenance, gently disengaged himself 
from the embraces of his wife and children, 
took their tutor into another apartment, 
and gave him his dignified decision : — 
" Take back my children, since it must be 
so. I will be faithful to my brethren and 
my God." Finding all his eloquence una- 
vailing, Coisnon endeavoured to draw Tous- 
saint into a negotiation with General Le 
Clerc ; and Toussaint, ready to treat upon 
any terms by which the direful fate intend- 
ed for his brethren might be avoided with- 
out the horrors of war, promised to send 
an answer to the French general's letter. 
He would not, however, prolong the pain- 
ful domestic scene by staying to write it at 
Ennery, nor would he risk another sight of 
his children, but within tu o hours from the 
time of his arrival, he mounted his horse 
again, and rode to the camp. On the next 
day he returned a formal answer to Le 
Olerc's letter, and sent it by the tutor of 
his younger sons, a Frenchman by the name 
of Granville, who overtook Coisnon and 
his pupils on their way to the Caf;e. Tous- 
saint's answer produced a reply from Le 
Clerc ; and a further correspondence took 
place between these two generals, which 
occupied several days ; a truce being agreed 
upon for that purpose, which Le Clerc ex- 
pected would terminatv in a peace* 



1825.] 



HISTORY OP ilAYTI. 



231 



Totissaint and Christophe outlaiced. 

The truce having expired %vithout any 
prospect of Toussaint's submission being 
obtained by negotiation, Le Clerc became 
impatient of delay ; and upon the arrival 
of Admiral Gantheaume with two thousand 
three hundred troops, and in the expectation 
of Admiral Linois with a further reinforce- 
ment, he determined on an instant renewal 
of hostilities with all possible vigour. 

On the 17th of February be issued a 
proclamation, in which he declared " Ge- 
neral Touasaint and General Christophe" to 
be " put out of the protection of the law 
and ordered " all citizens to pursue them, 
and to treat them as the enemies of the 
French republic." The proclamation was 
followed by a renewal of the war in all 
parts of the island ; and the adoption of 
every artifice that French ingenuity could 
devise, to procure defection among the 
black troops, and among the inhabitants in 
general. 

Toussaint in ^idversily. 
So powerfully did the hostilities carried 
on in various quarters at once, by the 
French and their sable confederates, assist 
the insidious offers and promises of Le 
Clerc, that most of the negro troops who 
still adhered to Toussaint began to be weary 
of the contest, and every day, almost, 
some leading man among .hem went over to 
the enemy. So many of the regular troops 
had been induced to join the French, or at 
least to lay down their arms, and so great 
a proportion of the rest had been killed in 
action, that by the end of the month of Fe- 
bruary in which the war began, the black 
generals were chiefly supportci^ by such of 
the cultivators as tl:^ personal influence of 
Toussaint could prest^rve from French de- 
lusion and engage to fight in the cause of 
their own freedom. These cultivators too 
began to desert the standard of their chief, 
when he was obliged to retire into the in- 
terior of the island ; where, with only a 
few hundred followers, he rapidly removed 
from one fastness to another, contending 
with innumerable difficulties, and enduring 
a variety of hardships. 

Yet even in this depressed state of his 
affairs, the constancy of Toussaint did not 
forsake Lim. Though unable to meet his 
enemies in the field, he was still uncon- 
quered. While the itivaders were harass- 
ing themselves by forced marches, and con- 
tending fo".- positions untenable or u.«eless, 
he and his followers changed their situation 
at pleasure, never being overtaken in a re- 
treat, or surprised on a ma'-ch, but fre- 
quently falling on their enemies when no 
apprehension %vas entertained of their 
approach, and filling them with consterna- 
tion and dismay. 



Brave Conduct of Dessalines. 

In the beginning of March, Le Clerc ar- 
rived at Port-au-Prince, which having been 
easily taken by General Roudet, was found 
uninjured ; and fixing his head-quarters 
there, he proceeded to prosecute the war 
with fresh vigour. 

The first object to which the attention of 
the captain-general was directed in the vi- 
cinity of hio new station, was Crete-a- 
Pierrot, a post between Port-Lu-Prince and 
St. Marc, and eight leagues from the latter 
place. The fortress, which had been regu- 
larly built by the English during their pos- 
session of this part of the island had since 
been occupied by the blacks, who had made 
it one of their depots. 

Almost the whole of the French army 
wasemployed in carrying on thesiegeof this 
place, and in occupying positions in the 
ntigubourhood with a view to prevent the 
retreat of the garrison, which was under 
the command of Dessalines, one of the 
most courageous, enterprising, and skilful 
of all the negro generals. The siege was 
commenced and carried on w ith all possi- 
ble vigour ; and the defence was conducted 
in a manner that would not have disgraced 
the first general in Europe. After having 
removed almoat every thing that was valua- 
ble, and defeated all the efforts of the as- 
sailants till his ammunition and provisions 
A»ure nearly consumed, Dessalines with a 
division of the troops, sallied forth in the 
night and departed. Three nights after, 
the remainder of the garrison made a simi- 
lar attempt, in which only part of them 
succeeded, and the rcst were surrounded by 
the besiegers and immediately put to the 
sword. 

Le Clerc o -ders the Restorniion of Slavery. 
Intoxicated with the success he had gain- 
ed, and fondly conoluding that he had no- 
thing more to fear fro i the black troops, 
Le Clerc imagined that the sooner he put 
the plantation negroes again under the dri- 
vers and the whips, the better he should 
secure his conquest, and the more honour 
he shoulu obtaiii ; for this Avas the real de- 
sign, and every where but in St. Domingo, 
had, from the beginning, been th'.. acknow- 
ledged object of all hi^ bloody labour. 
About tLe middle of the mon'.n of March, 
he accordingly published an order, express- 
ly restoring to the proprietors or thtir at- 
torneys all their ancient ^athoritj over the 
negroes upon their estates. 

This act of consummate baseness, al- 
most equally surprised the planters and the 
negroes. The plantcs thought it so pre- 
mature and imprudent, that n-.any c f them 
were unwilling to return to their estates, 
and thought it at present altogether im- 
practicable to carry the general's order into 



232 



HISTORY OP HAYTI. 



execution. The poor cultivators now found 
their mistake in listening to the French 
general, who, within six weeks before, had 
pledged his own word, and that of the first 
consul and the French republic, for the 
maintenance of their liberty. 

The negro troops, also, who had united 
with the invaders, could not but be equally 
alarmed at this nefarious proceeding, for 
they had joined the French standard in a 
reliance on the most positive assurances of 
freedom, not only to themselves, but to all 
their brethren ; and the proclamation for 
re-eifslaving their brethren taught them to 
expect the same fate whenever it should 
appear to their perfidious friends, to be a 
convenient time for its infliction. 

Tmissaint renews the rear loilh vigour and 
success. 

In this imprudent wickedness of his ene- 
mies, the indefatigable Toussaint saw the 
means of retrieving his affairs ; and the de- 
fenceless state in which the northern pro- 
vince had been left by the concentration of 
the French force in the neighbourhood of 
Crete-a-Picrrot, invited his first attention 
to that quarter. Early in Aprii, he effect- 
ed a junction with Christophe, who had 
still preserved about three hundred sol- 
diers : and, instead of continuing his flight 
among the mountains, hastened towards 
the north coast of the inland, where the 
cultivators were very numerous. Reach- 
ing Plaisancc by an unexpected route, he 
defeated the troops under the command of 
Desforneaux, and passed on without inter- 
ruption through Dondon and Marmelade. 
Wherever he came he summoned the culti- 
vators to arms, and they were no longer 
deaf to his call, but flocked to his standard 
in multitudes. They were badly armed, or 
rather, for the most part, not armed at all, 
except with hoes, and a kind of cutlass 
which is used in the West-Indies for trim- 
ming the green fences. But their num- 
bers and zea! enabled their leader to sur- 
mount the greatest difficulties. He poured 
his troops like a torrent, over the whole 
plain of the north, every where seizing the 
French posts, and driving their divisions 
before him till they found refuge within the 
fortifications of Cape Francois. 

Toussaint had no battering artillery ; 
yet he surrounded the tov/n, and would 
certainly have taken it, if the French fleet 
Lad not been lying in the harbour, and if 
General Hardy, with a grand division of 
the array of the south, had not advanced 
by forced marches, and thrown himself into 
the town. 

This great alteration in the state of the 
campaign, had all been effected within a 
Ibrtnight. At the end of March, the 
French were at the summit of their success- 
es and confidence ; and before the middle 
of April they were reduced to such extre- 



mities, that Le-CIerc, besieged at the Cape, 
and scarcely able to maintain his position 
there, had serious thoughts of evacuating 
the place, and retreating by sea to the 
Spanish part of the island. 

Le Clerc deceives the blacks with a new p'o- 
clamation. 

Le Clerc now felt, and deeply regretted 
his error. He had prematurely dropped 
the mask of friendship to negro freedom, 
and perceived that unless some new means 
of delusion could be devised, there was no 
hope of accomplishing the object of the 
expedition. Yet with all the simplicity of 
the cultivators, and all their aversion to 
the privations and miseries of war, it 
seemed exceedingly difficult to delude them 
again. It was judged, however, not to be 
impossible, that artful professions of a 
change of measures, and ncvv declarations 
in favour of liberty, might gain credit with 
the blacks, and again divide the multitude 
from their leaders. He therefore framed 
and issued a proclamation, in which, after 
apologizing for his past conduct, he propos- 
ed to give the colony a constitution, having 
liberty and equality for its basis, and pro- 
vided for the convocation of an assembly of 
representatives from all parts of the island. 
Such restrictive clauses were introduced, 
however, as rendered the whole a nullity. 

Its success — peace restored. 

This proclamation was dated the 25th of 
April, and was instantly sent into the black 
camp, and quickly dispersed over every 
part of the island. It produced all the im- 
mediate effect that its author could have 
wished. The negroes in general were wea- 
ry of the war. Their exclusion from the 
chief ports, and the reluctance of foreign- 
ers to trade with them under existing cir- 
cumstances, deprived them of the comforts 
and necessaries with which commerce used 
to supply them. The cultivators felt them- 
selves much aggrieved by the exposure to 
hardships and dangers, and the separation 
from their families, caused by a state of 
warfare. They saw no prospect of a 
speedy deliverance from these evils but by 
a peace. The frequent arrival of reinforce- 
ments from France, precluded all hope of 
being able to terminate the war by expel- 
ling the invaders from the fortified towns 
on the coast. The only object they thought 
worth suffering and fighting for was their 
liberty, and this they fondly flattered them- 
selves was now secured. 

These sentiments and feelings caused 
considerable defection in the negro army, 
and disposed some of the chiefs to enter- 
tain proposals for a negotiation, which 
soon commenced. Christophe demanded, 
as the conditions of bis compromise, a ge- ^ 
neral amnesty for his troops, the preserva- f 



1825.] 



HISTORY OF HAYTI. 



233 



tion of his own rank, and that of all the other 
officers ; and the extension of the same terms 
to his colleague Dessalines, and to Tous- 
saint, the general-in-chief. To these terms 
the haughty Le Clerc found it difficult to sub- 
mit ; but his impatience to obtain the praise 
of restoring the colony to the mother coun- 
try, overcame his reluctance ; and the ar- 
rangement with Christophe was completed. 
The accession of Christophe was followed 
by thatof Paul Louverture, the brother of 
Toussaint, with two thousand negrofes un- 
der his command. 

Negotiations were next entered into with 
Toussaint and Dessalines, who, there is 
reason to believe, gave no credit to the 
French General for the sincerity of his pre- 
sent professions, but thought themselves 
obliged, by the circumstances in which 
they were now placed, to conclude a peace 
of experiment, with a sincere intention of 
fulfilling both its letter and its spirit, tiil it 
should be violated on the part oi the 
French. They wished for no other terms 
than those which had been granted to 
Christophe, with a dignified retirement 
from all the cares of public life. To these 
wishes, after a few days' hesitation, Le 
Clerc acceded, and by the end of the first 
week in May, a peace was concluded with 
Toussaint, and all the generals and troops 
under his command, and the sovereignty of 
France over the Island of St. Domingo, 
was acknowledged by all its inhabitants. 

Toussaint seized by Le ClerCj and sent to 
France, 

Toussaint retired to a small plantation, 
called by his own name, Louverture, and 
situated at Gonaives, on the southwest 
coast^of the island, at a little distance from 
the town of St. Marc. There, in the bosom 
of his remaining family, (for his two sons, 
who had been under the care of Coisnon, 
were never heard of after their returi\ to 
Cape Franfjois with their perfidious tutor,) 
he entered upon the enjoyment of that re- 
pose of which he had long been deprived. 
But the French general no sooner perceived 
the negro chief in his power, and the tran- 
quillity of the colony apparently re-esta- 
blished, than he meditated one of the basest 
acts of treachery that ever disgraced any 
government in any age. 

About the middle of May, in the dead of 
night, the Creole frigate, supported by 
the Hero, a seventy-four gun ship, both 
despatched on purpose from Cape Francois, 
stood in towards the Calm Beach, near 
Gonaives. Several boats with troops im- 
mediately landed, and surrounded the house 

Vol. VI. 30 



of Toussaint, where he was at rest with 
the faithful companion of all his cares and 
dangers, and his family lay wrapped in 
sleep, all unconscious of their approaching 
fate. Brunet, a brigadier-oeneral, and Fer- 
rari, aid-de-camp to Le Clerc, entered the 
chamber of the hero, with a file of gre- 
nadiers, and demanded his instant surren- 
der, requiring him to go, with all his family, 
on board the frigate. The lion was in the 
toils, and resistance was useless. Tous- 
saint expressed immediate submission to his 
own fate, but requested that his feeble wife 
and harmless children might be sufiered to 
remain at home. This condition, however, 
was not to be granted. An irresistible mi- 
litary force appeared, and before the neigh- 
bourhood was generally alarmed, the whole 
family, including the daughter of a deceas- 
ed brother, were on board the frigate and 
under sail. Thence they were removed to 
the Hero, %vhich proceeded with them im- 
mediately to France. 

On the voyage from St. Domingo to 
France, Toussaint was refused ali inter- 
course with his family ; he was confined 
constantly to his cabin, and the door was 
guarded by soldiers with fixed bayonets. 
On the arrival of the ship at Brest, no time 
was lost in hurrying him on shore. On 
the deck only was he permitted to have an 
interview with his wife and children^ whom 
he was to meet no more in this life. The 
agonizing separation of this faithful pair 
and their beloved offspring, excited in all 
who witnessed it, compassion for their fate. 
He was conveyed in a close carriage, and 
under a strong escort of cavalry, to the cas- 
tle of Joux in Normandy, where he was 
committed to the strictest confinement, 
with a single negro attendant, who during 
his continuance there, which was but for 
a short time, was as closely confined as his 
master. 

Toussaint's wife and family were detain- 
ed at Brest for two months, and then were 
removed to Bayonne. From this time they 
disappeared from the land of the living, 
but by what means is unknown. From 
the castle of Joux, Toussaint, at the ap- 
proach of winter, was removed to Besan- 
con, and there immured in a cold, damp, 
and gloomy dungeon, like one of the worst 
of criminals. This dungeon may be re- 
garded as his sepulchre. His death wa.s 
announced in the French papers of the 27th 
of April, 1S03. Thus ended the career of 
this truly great man, whose sufferings and 
death left an indelible infamy on the go- 
vernment under whose merciless ojispres- 
sion he perished. 



234 



ANXIVKRSARIES OF SOCIETIES. 



[Aug. 



LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

The Annual Meeting of the Society was 
held in Great Queen Street Chapel, in 
London, on Thursday, the 12th of May. 
William Alers Han key, Esq. Trea- 
surer, having taken the Chair, the Report of 
the Societ3?'6 proceedings for the past year 
•vvas read. The Treasurer then read the 
pecuniary account of the Society, and af- 
ivard spoke to the following effect : 

My respected friends, — I am perfectly 
sure that this summary of your financial 
aliairs must give you sincere satisfaction, 
inasmuch as it sets before you a very encou- 
raging' progress in the state of your affairs: 
and it gives me great satisfaction to find, 
on reference to the reports of other Socie- 
ties of a kindred nature, that the year now 
past may be said to have been in ibis res- 
pect a prosperous year. Some, indeed all, 
have received augmentation. We rejoice 
on behalf of those which have prospered 
even in a greater degree than ourselves. 
The Church Missionary Society stands at 
the head in such prosperity ; it has receiv- 
ed an increase of 5000/. to its ordinary 
funds, besides a very considerable sum for 
other collateral purposes. Our Wesleyan 
friends have received an augmentation 
to their ordinary resources amounting 
to 2500/. beside which they have in the 
course of the past year, received a mag- 
nificent legacy of 10,000/. which they 
have not brought into the account, and 
consequently, had they added that, it would 
have carried them far beyond us all. We, 
ourselves, as you will have perceived, have 
also reason greatly to rejoice ; we have had 
in the ordinary sources of income an in- 
crease of 2200/. besides which we have re- 
ceived 4000/. for special objects, so that our 
increase during the past year may be said 
to be considerably greater. 

All this is truly encouraging, because it 
is an indication that the missionary spirit 
is not on the wane ; and I am quite sure 
you will agree with me in feeling that in the 
increase af that spirit we ourselves shall 
find our truest and most lasting pros- 
perity ; and 1 trust that spirit will diffuse 
itself more and more wide' v ' y means of 
those deputations which ar : ,-;t forth by the 
several Societies to plead t;; cause of mis- 
sions throughout the country. AndTtrust, 
that when the deputation of one Society 
succeeds another, it will not have to be said 
to them, " You are cume too late, for such 
a one has preceded you, and left notliing be- 
liiiid but tlrat it willrather be addressed 



thus : " You have come in good time — the 
deputation of such a Society has just pre- 
ceded you, and they have prepared the way 
for you, by leaving behind them such a spi- 
rit of missionary zeal, that really you are 
come in good time to reap its fruits." But 
in this view of the question, compai'ing our 
united resources to the extent of the world 
th^ still remains to be christianized, we 
shall all find reason to say, as the disciple's 
did, when Christ ordered them to divide the 
loaves and small fishes among the multitude 
that surrounded him — " What are these 
among so many ?" 1 trust that the past pros- 
perity, instead of causing indifTerence, will 
excite to increased diligence ; for the Lord 
will not act now as he did then. He will not 
give a miraculous effect to means in them- 
selves disproportioned to the desired ends : 
but he will impart to his churches a spirit 
of devotedness and liberality in the applica- 
tion of the means with which he has en- 
dowed them, corresponding with the mag- 
nitude of the work he has committed to 
their charge. 

The Rev. Davib Bogue, D. D. after mov- 
ing that the Report be approved and pub- 
lished, observed, that, although it was the 
31st General Mteting of the Society, yet, 
through Divine goodness, three of the four 
Ministers who preached at its first meeting 
were present. Some had then considered 
the Society as the product of enthusiasm, 
and expected it would soon expire. It was 
natural for its friends to anticipate what 
might be the effects of its operations at the 
the end of 30 years, but he believed no 
one ever conjectured that within that peri- 
od, so much would have been accomplished. 
When the Society arose, few, compara- 
tifely, were engaged in this great cause, 
but now almost the whole Protestant %vorld 
are actively engaged in it. The peculiar 
constitution of the Society, by uniting all 
evangelical denominations, excited the pub- 
lic attention. This was by some regarded 
as a speculation, but the experiment, by the 
Divine blessing, has admirably succeeded. 
The Society has combined Episcopalians, 
Presbyterians, Lutherans, and many other 
denominations ; but there has been no 
seceding division. Thus an important fact 
has been established, that Christians, who 
differ as to forms of Church government, 
may continue to act together in sending 
the pure gospel of Christ to the heathen. It 
is comparatively of small moment, that ex- 
ternal forms and modes of worship should 
be the same in each congregation ; if Jesus 
Christ be at the head, that is enough. Let 



1825.1 



LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 



there then be communion among Minis- 
ters preaching for each other, and commu- 
nion of Christians at the Lord's table. 

Dr. B. then adverted to the delightful 
spectacle presented by so many other soci- 
eties, both in this and other countries, all 
engaged in prosecuting the same work ; and 
compared them, collectively, to a great ar- 
my of the Lord Jesus Christ ; and added, 
that the British and Foreign Bible Society 
might be considered as the artillery depart- 
ment ; as it furnishes, in such abundance, 
the Scri[itures — the implements with which 
the, battles of the Lord are to be fought. 
He also alluded to the efficiency of the Re- 
ligious Tract Society, as being a highly im- 
portant auxiliary in this spiritual warfare. 

Adverting to the state of the Society's 
annual income, he observed, that a friend 
thought an early prediction of his, that it 
would reach 2O,00CL most extravagant, but 
through the goodness of God, that sum was 
now doubled ; and he trusted that it would 
shortly reach 50,000/. and not stop even 
there. 

Having expatiated upon several other to- 
pics, he in conclusion adverted to one which 
he considered as affording a powerful mo- 
tive to supplication and prayer, viz. the 
comparatively small success v/hich has hi- 
therto resulted from the operations of the 
several Missionary Societies in the East- 
Indies. In the South Seas, the Almighty 
seems to say, " Behold what my arm can 
do with regard to the most unlikely of the 
human race, in converting beasts into 
rational beings, and even into saints ;" but 
with regard to India, where civilization is far 
advanced, and the people more intelligent, 
he seems to say, *' Behold how little can ye 
effect, unless the arm of my power be 
stretched out, and the efficacy of my grace 
accompany the labours of missionaries." 
Let us then ask ourselves, ** Has there been 
that wrestling with God in prayer for the 
outpouring of the Spirit, that ought to mark 
all the disciples of J -'is Christ? Or are 
we guilty ?" TheDocio. then urged every 
minister ?.nd every private Christian, to 
examine himself on this point, and exhort- 
ed all to abound more and more in this 
good work, of praying for the outpouring, 
of the Spirit, particularly on India ; observ- 
ing that we have the greatest encouragement 
to expect that our prayers will at length be 
turned into praise, and that in due time 
" the kingdoms of this world will become 
the kingdoms of our Lord and of his 
Christ and that he will reign for ever and 
ever. 

The Rev. James Bennett, Theological 
Tutor of Rotherham Academy, moved the 
/second Resolution ; viz. 



" That this meeting most cordially ap- 
proves the measures adopted by the Direct- 
ors during the past year, for promoting the 
study of the Chinese language, and other 
Oriental Literature, and for imparting to 
the Missionaries of the Society, previously 
to their quitting England, an acquaintance 
v. ith the languages spoken in the countries 
to which they have* rec-pec lively been ap-^ 
pointed." 

In the conclusion of his speech Mr. B. 
observed : But the question may arise, whe- 
ther the plan may not be very expensive — 
expensive ! After what you. Sir, have said 
to-day, and after what we have known of 
the Society, I should blush if I knew the 
man who would require me to give an answer 
to th'is question. We knew the time when 
the entire aggi-egate expenditure of this So- 
ciety, was little more than its annual in- 
come is now. How then ought wo to feel, 
were it necessary to import numerous Mis- 
sionaries from the East, from the West, 
from the South, and from the North ? 
Why, we ought to be ready to do it ; for I 
own, Sir, though I am not very sanguine as 
to the expectations of long life, and hardly 
know whether I ought to say, — I hope to 
live to a certain time, (for there is some- 
thing beyond death, worth dying for ;) but 
while I am not very sanguine in such ex- 
pectations, yet I do. Sir, say, that I should 
not be at all surprised, were I to live to see 
the day, when all the past engagements of 
this Society will be looked upon as mean 
and paltry ! and I anticiiiate the period 
when no man, that b(Avs hi knee before the 
Father of mercies, will rise from his bed, or 
retire from his secret closet, without com- 
mending all Missionaries, who are gone 
to the perishing heaUu n, to the protection 
of the living God. Having done so, the 
poor man will probably take out his penny, 
and lay it, as he rises frof)i his knees, in a 
Missionary Box, and say, tliere is my con- 
tribution, and at the eml of the year, his 
?»0 shillings will form his contri'outiort to the 
cause ; while another, in bt*.t'-T cir' ninstan- 
ce«, will e^ery mor!;ing take his shil- 
ling, and lay it in his Missionary liox, and 
thus at the end of the year, 20/. will be 
presented from those who now think they 
do well if they give a guinea. While rich- 
er men will every morning take out their 
guinea, and lay it in the same treasuiy, and 
their 365 guineas will be as common a sort 
of a Missionary gift, as one guinea is now 
in our days. Nor do I regard such antici- 
pations as at all extravagant, for really 
Avhere a man has his thousands a year com- 
ing in, I do think 3G5/. a year from him for 
the conversion of 600 millions of the hea- 
then, is but a moderate sum. Whatever 
objection therefore may be made upon the 



2S6 



ANNIVERSARIES OF SOCIETIES. 



[Aug. 



score of expense, I confidently put this mo- 
tion to this assembly. 

Kev. Thomas Mortimer, A. M. Lectur- 
er of St. Olave's, Southwark, and After- 
noon Lecturer of Saint Leonard's, Shore- 
ditch, in seconding Mr. Bennett's motion, 
observed — 

I feel it my duly, my bounden duty, to 
p;ive my reasons for appearing in this place, 
and I must throw myself on the charity of 
those who surround me, when I say I never 
made a speech in a dissenting congreg^ition 
in my life before- I will candidly confess 
my feelings upon this subject, la the first 
place, Sir, I recollected that this Society 
was formed before that Society with which 
1 myself love to stand connected, and in 
which I delight to labour. I mean, Sir, that 
the London Missionary Society was formed 
before the Church Missionary Society ; and 
though I candidly confers myself to be a 
strong supporter of the latter, and I hope to 
do all I can to extend its influence, yet I 
did feel that a Society formed before the 
Church Missionary Society, certainly de- 
served m.y kind feelings and regard. I felt 
it my duty, my bounden duty, no longer 
to stand in the trammels of party feeling, 
but to put my hand over all such trivial 
things to the great work. But, Sir, allow 
me to state, that notwithstanding this 
is the first time I have appeared here, 
I have long watched the operations of your 
Society, and when, from time to time, I 
have heard of the success with which God 
has blessed its labours in various parts of 
the world, and especially in the South Sea 
Islands, 1 have rejoiced in your joy, and 
blessed God for your success ; and allow me 
to state that this is the feeling of many of 
iny clerical brethren ; yea., there are thou- 
sands of Clergvmen belonging to the Church 
of England, who bless God for your success. 
I think it but right to stale this. Sir ; and 
1 cannot but sincerely hope for the time, 
^vhen one after another vv-ill put his hand 
over the wall and sa)% How do you do ? 
But allow me, Sir, to say also, that in re- 
joicing in your joy, we have also lamented 
in your sorrows. I am certain that many 
whom you know not, take a lively interest 
in your concerns, and have often wept over 
the grave of your sacrificed Missionary. 
Sir, 1 speak not with any political feeling ; 
I reflect on no one : but this I do say, when 
one part of the Church weeps, it should 
all weep ; when one part of the Church is 
in sorrow and in grief, let all be seen in 
mourning ; and 1 cannot help thinking that 
the time will come when, if one of the Mem- 
bers of the universal Church shall rejoice, 
all will rejoice ; and if one member suffers, 
that all will suff*er. But, Sir, may I be allow- 
ed to state a stronger reason still for coming; 



here than any I have yet noticed. I counted 
the cost. I considered what might be the 
effect of my doing so. I knew that many 
of my old friends might and would disap- 
prove ofit ; and, Sir, I declare before this as- 
sembly, that 1 would have kept away if my 
conscience would have permitted me ; but 
that passage in our Saviour's prayer for his 
Church, has been deeply impressed on my 
mind. — " That they may all be one ; as thmi, 
Father, art in me, and I i?i thee : that they 
also may be one in us :" — And why, Sir, 
Why ? — thai the world may believe that thou 
hast smt me. Sir, when I meditated on 
this passage, I felt this, that it was my duty 
to do what I could to show brotherly love 
to all who love my Saviour, without any 
compromise whatever. And I am sure you 
will allow me to say, without any compro- 
mise, with all respect to our Government, 
with every feeUng of affection to my own 
Church, and every wish and inclination to 
obey those who are set over me, that I am 
determined to obey my Saviour above all, 
and, therefore, upon this passage I take my 
stand. My conviction is, that we shall 
never make a complete or decisive blow 
upon the kingdom of Satan, until all Chris- 
tians are united in one band. And I do be- 
lieve that one of the great causes of the 
comparatively small success which has 
attended our efforts is, our having been so 
much disunited ; I mean our Missionary 
Societies. Besides, we are now living in a 
day when Anti-Christ is raising her head, 
and therefore I consider them not as times 
when we should be separated, but, on the 
contrary, when we should come forward 
unitedly in defence of the truth, and in one 
grand attack against error, idolatry, and' 
superstition. 

With regard to the motion. Ladies and 
Gentlemen, give me leave to say that I 
deem it a highly important one. Other So. 
cieties are adopting a similar plan ; they 
are endeavouring to teach their Mission- 
aries the languages in which they are to 
preach to the heathen the wonderful works 
of God. And let it be considered that a 
Missionary, when he arrives at the place of 
his destination, meets with many great dis- 
couragements ; he feels that he has left 
those who are most near and dear to him, 
far behind him ; and, perhaps, soon af- 
ter his arrival, part of his own family 
falls a victim to the climate, and leaves 
him without a companion. In such pain- 
ful circumstances, and under a vertical sun, 
a man so situated needs support both in 
mind and body, and can, generally speak- 
ing, have but little strength for acquiring a 
strange and diflficult language. Therefore, 
Sir, I rejoice to find that you have proposed, 
for adoption, such a motion as this. You 
are aiming at a great end—the instruction of 



1825.] 



LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETV. 



237 



missionary candidates in the oriental lan- 
guages ; and I trust that all Missionary So- 
cieties will see the great importance of it. 
I bless God and rejoice when I see what 
these several Societies, by his blessing, have 
effected •, and it seems as though he would 
so honour his Church, that no one part of it 
should glory against another part of it. If 
we look at the Church Missionary Society, 
we see how greatly they have been blessed 
in Western Africa ; if we look at the Bap- 
tist Society, we see how greatly they have 
been blessed in teaching at Serampore ; if 
we look at the Wesleyan Missionary Soci- 
ety, we see how greatly they have been 
blessed in the West- Indies ; and if we look 
at this Society, we see how it has been 
blessed in the South Sea Islands. I am 
sure we must all rejoice in what you 
have been doing. 

Mr. M. made many other highly inte- 
resting remarks suggested by the occasion, 
and before he sat down, the following in- 
genuous confession ; Sir, I was twice writ- 
ten to, some few years ago, to preach the 
Church Sermon, as it is called, for your So- 
ciety ; the first year I got over it very well : 
for having to preach for the Moravians 
— I said 1 had to preach for the Moravians 
on that day, and therefore I could not com- 
ply with the request. The next time I was 
applied to, I had not to preach fcfr the 
Moravians, and therefore I could not make 
that an excuse, still I refused to comply ; 
and I now declare that 1 have never repent- 
ed of it but once, and that has been ever 
since, and I have determined never again to 
encourage this party feeling. 

Mr. Mortimer concluded by repeating, 
with much devotional feeling, the following 
appropriate verses : 

Thou, whose eternal word, 
Chaos and darkness heard, 

And took their flight ; 
Hear us we humbly pray, 
And where thy Gospel's day 
Sheds not its glorious ray 
Let there be light ! 

Thou who didst come to bring, 
On thy redeeming wing, 

Healing and sight ; 
Health to the sick in uiind, 
Sight to the inly blind, 
Ofi ! now, to all mankind 

Let there be light ! 

Spirit of truth and love, 
Life-giving Holy Dove, 

Speed forth thy flight ; 
Moving on oceans s|)ace, 
Bearing the lamp of grace. 
And in eartli's darkest place 

Let there be light ! 

Blessed, and Holy, 
And glorious Trinity, 

Wisdom, love, might, 
Boundless as ocean's tide 
Rolling in fullest pride, 
O'er the earth, far and wide, 

Let there be lijht : 



Ucv. Richard Pope, of Trinity College, 
Dublin, moved the thanks of the meeting 
to all individuals, Auxiliary Institutions, 
Ministers and Congregations, that have 
contributed to the funds of the Society. 

In the course of his remarks Mr. P. ob- 
served, it appears to me. Sir, that all Mis- 
sionary Societies should be regarded but as 
the column of one grand Missionary Ar- 
my. In the distance we should lose sight 
of their respective facings, yet, at the same 
time catch a glimpse of their one common 
banner, — the banner of the Lord Christ 
— and hear their one strain sounding from 
the silver trumpets of joy, — Glory to God in 
the highest, and on earth peace, good will 
towards men. 

The Rev. William Thorpe, of Bristol, 
seconded the motion, and commenced his 
speech with the following impressive ob- 
servations : 

It is not, Sir, my intention to trespass 
long on your patience and kind attention ; 
indeed, I feel that I am very far from being ' 
able to do it. It is not, however, the ap- 
pearance of this vast assembly merely that 
overw helms me, but the magnitude of the 
cause for which this assembly is convened. 
When I think on the worth of an immortal 
soul, and cast my eye over the immense 
multitudes living in darkness in the heathen 
world, lost to happiness and to God, crowd- 
ing, by myriads, every day, without the 
knowledge of a Saviour to their eternal 
destiny ; when I seriously reflect on the 
numbers that have passed away, even during 
the few hours that we have been assembled 
together in this place, and sunk to rise no 
more, my spirits are depressed, my heart is 
sorrowful, and my whole frame trembles. 
These things. Sir, really are, and we pro- 
fess to believe that they are. O, how deep, 
then, the impression that they should make 
on our minds, how great the influence they 
should have upon our conduct. My won- 
der is not, Sir, that Missionary Societies 
have been established within the last thir- 
ty or forty year»-s, but that they were not 
established ages before — not at the liberal 
contributions which have been made to this 
great cause within the last few years, but 
that these contributions have not been in- 
creased a hundred fold — not that the atten- 
tion of the Christian world should now be 
employed in sending forth Christian Mis- 
sionaries, but that the zeal which character- 
ized the first ages should ever have been 
extinguished, is the soul lessened in va- 
lue ? Has not the Son of God declared 
that the possession of a world cannot com- 
pensate for its loss ? Is not every man still 
guilty before God ? Has not the character 
of heathenism always been as it was when 



238 



ANNIVERSARIES OF SOCIETIES. 



[Aug. 



Paul wrote bis first chapter to tlie Ko- 
mans ? Is not the commission of the Son 
of God, given to his disciples before he as- 
trended into Heaven, of perpetual obliga- 
tion, until it be fulfilled in its largest ex- 
tent ? Are not God and Christ, and Hea- 
ven and Hell, and Eternity, as awful now, 
and have they not always been, as they 
■were in the days of the Apostles ? To what 
then, Sir, are we to ascribe the death-like 
sleep in which the Church of Christ lay for 
ages and centuries, while the heathen 
world was perishing around them ? Doubt- 
less external circumstances had tbeir in- 
fluence, but the chief and predominant 
cause has been the want of faith in that un- 
changing hand, which is invisible and eter- 
nal. As Christians, we do not believe, or 
we but feebly believe. Our faith is not even 
as a grain of mustard-seed. Blessed be God, 
however, it is not entirely extinct, it still 
lives, it still opei'atcs in the bosoms of thou- 
sands, in the hearts of Missionary Societies, 
making us love our brethren of every name,' 
and expanding the heart with benevolence 
towards all mankind. Hence, Sir, the 
zeal displayed in these days for the diffu- 
sion of Christian knowledge by the instruc- 
tion of the rising generation, and by send- 
ing Missionaries to preach the Gospel to all 
nations, that all men may be saved. 
Hence, too, the pleasing appearance that 
London exhibits at this season of the year, 
in the anniversaries of so many societies, 
and hence the stirs which are seen and 
heard this day in the metropolis of a 
mighty empire. 

Mr. T. then remarked, that, compared 
with past ages, the efforts now making for 
the spread of Christianity are unexampled. 
It must be admitted, indeed, that the age of 
the Apostles was brighter, and the rapidity 
with which they spread the Gospel, truly 
astonishing. They, however, were endow- 
ed with the pov,rer of working miracles, and 
with other extraordinary gifts of the Spirit ; 
so that the people among whom they went 
were convinced the God of Heaven was 
with them, which is not the case with the 
Missionaries in the present day. 

Mr. T. next alluded to the calumny 
which had been cast upon those who are 
zealous in the cause of Christian Missions, 
by comparing them to the crusaders — and 
expressed himself to the following effect : 

Sir, the zeal of the crusaders doubtless 
had its origin in absurd superstition ; but is 
it superstition to train up the rising race in 
the principles of morality and of true Chris- 
tianity ? Is it superstition to translate the 
Scriptures into every language spoken by 
man, and to send copies of them into every 
<;orner of the world where man exists ? 
Is it superstition to send heralds of the 



Gospel, to preach it to every person' un- 
der the sun ? If this, Sir, be superstition, 
may Great Britain continue to be the most 
superstitious empire on the face of the 
globe, until all empires have caught the in- 
fection ! 

Mr. T. then adverted to the period of the 
Reformation, and observed, that without 
depreciating the importance of any of the 
labours of the Reformers, it must be ac- 
knowledged that the present age far sur- 
passed the-irs in zeal for the diffusion of 
pure Christianity. That age, nevertheless, 
had its bright points. The Scriptures were 
translated into several languages, but it 
had no British and Foreign Bible Society. 
Children were instructed in the principles 
of the Reformation, but there was no ge- 
neral plan for the diffusion of the blessings 
of education among all ranks and condi- 
tions of society ; a few missionaries might 
be sent into different countries while the 
work of Reformation Avas going on, but 
there were no Missionary Societies, such as 
exist at jjresent. If the time when Luther 
commenced his attack on the Church of 
Rome were properly called the twilight of 
Reformation, he would call the age in which 
we live the meridian. 

In conclusion, Mr. T. observed, I see 
an awful hand lifting up the veil that hides 
etcrrflty from the world, and giving us a 
more than distant glimpse of that more 
than rnajestic glory that glows behind. I 
see the seed of Abraham, gathered out of 
all nations, standing before the hill of Cal- 
vary, looking to Him whom their fathers 
crucified, and filling the Holy Land with 
love. I see the man of sin utterly vanish 
away before the brightness of His rising, 
who is seated at the right hand of God. I 
see the Idol Monarch of the East hurled from 
his proud eminence, and ground to dust be- 
neath the wheels of his blood-stained car. 
I see the Great Dragoa seized by the hand 
of the Prince of Peace, and cast into the 
bottomless pit, unable to break a single 
link of his chain, or to deceive the nations 
any more. And now, Sir, the vision of 
prophecy is realized ; the wolf does dwell 
xoitli the lamb, the leopard does lie down with 
the kid, the co w and the bear do feed together^ 
the lion is seen eating straw with the ox. 
Behold, the sucking child shall play on the 
hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put 
his hand on the cockatrice's den. They shall 
not hurt or destroy in all my holy moimtain : 
for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of 
the Lord, as the toaters cover the sea. 

The Rev. John Codman, D. D. of Bos- 
ton, America, moved the thanks of the 
Meeting be given to those gentlemen who 
conducted the affairs of the Society during 
the past year. 



1825.] 



LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 



239 



Dr. Codman expressed the great pleasure 
he experienced in being present on this 
occasion. It was now eighteen years since 
he had enjoyed the same pleasure before. 
At that time a considerable anxiety pre- 
vailed as to the safety of the Mission in 
the South Seas, over which a dark cloud 
then hung. But the Society's cKtremity 
was Giod's opportunity, and he has con- 
vinced us, by what has since happened, that 
the work was all his own. Dr. C. then 
congratulated the Meeting on the peculiar 
success with which it has pleased Him, 
lately, to crown that Mission. Ad'^erthig 
to those venerable friends of the Society, 
who have passed from the scene of their 
labours to their glorious reward, he hoped 
to be allowed, with some of their names, 
to associate that of Hardcastle ; a name 
engraved on the tablet of Christian recol- 
lection ; while he, at the same time, ex- 
pressed the satisfaction he felt from behold- 
ing once more, in the flesh, in the evening 
of their days, other venerable fathers of 
the Society then present. Their sun 
(said Dr. C.) is setting without a cloud, 
and* its radiance, brightening and glowing 
as it descends, indicates to them a brighter 
and a fairer day in a better world, where it 
shall rise to set no more." 

Dr. C. then said, that it might be ex- 
pected he should give the assembly some 
information as to what is doing in Ame- 
rica to promote the spread of the Gospel. 
He was happy to say, that a very pov.erful 
Missionary spirit has been excit„d in ihe 
United States, during the last fifteen or six- 
teen years, of the origin of which he gave 
the following account : — In a Theological 
Seminary, not far distant from Boston, 
there were two or three young men who 
were preparing for the ministry, whose 
minds were deeply affected with the con- 
dition of the perishing heathen ; and in the 
retirement of their closets, they formed the 
noble purpose of devoting thentselves to 
God in the service of his Son among the 
heathen. This resolution they submitted 
to an Association of Ministers, in their 
own immediate neighbourhood, who took 
them under their protection, and formed 
a Society which is known by the name of 
the American Board for Foreign Missions : 
a Society which holds, at present, a very 
high rank among the Missionary Societies 
of the Christian world. 

Dr. C. then adverted to the missions of 
the American Society, particularly to those 
in Palestine, in the Sandwich Islands, 
where they are co-operating with the Lon- 
don Missionary Society ; and among the 
heathen tribes of his own country. 

He added, that the Missionary spirit is 
rapidly increasing in America, and that in 
the part where he resides, there is scarcely 



a town or village where there is not to be 
found an Auxiliary Missionary, Bible, Edu- 
cation, or Tract Society. 

Dr. C. then alluded to the prosperity and 
unprecedented zeal for internal improve- 
ments, pievailing both in Great Britain and 
America, and asked, shall not zeal in the 
cause of Missions equally prevail in both 
also ? He concluded in the following man- 
ner : 

Sir, we feel that we are united with you 
in the tenderest ties ; that we are descend- 
ed from Great Britain ; that our fathers' se- 
pulchres aro in these lands ; and that nothing- 
can be more unnatural than hostility be- 
tween Great Britain and America. Pray 
the Father of Mercies, that there may 
never more be any other strife between 
these countries than this — who shall serve 
our Saviour best — who shall love our Savi- 
our most. 

The Rev. Mark Wilks, of Paris, moved 
one of the resolutions, and in the course of 
his remarks observed, that the Paris Mis- 
sionary Society comprehended a vast num- 
ber of devoted persons, whose hearts bound 
in unison with the feelings of those who 
compose the present assembly, and who 
daily offer up their prayers for the prospe- 
rity of the Missionary Society. The suc- 
cess of the Paris Society has surpassed the 
most sanguine expectations. It was esta- 
blished only two years and a half ago, and 
the last year its income amounted to 3,000 
francs, which is double that of the preced- 
irtg year ; while Auxiliary Societies are 
continually forming in various parts of 
France. The Missionary Prayer Meet- 
ings are well attended, both at Paris and 
in the country. Mr. W. particularly spe- 
cified one instance, at Nerac, where, though 
the rain descended in torrents, he never- 
theless found the people assembled. Of the 
students received into the Missionary Se- 
tt^ inary at Paris, some have already enter- 
ed, and others are preparing to enter, the 
field of missionary labour. 

Mr. W. then stated the following cir- 
cumstances illustrative of the missionary- 
spirit in France. Among the regulations 
one of the Ladies' Auxiliary institutions, 
(one in Dauphiny) are the following . If a 
Lady of the Committee absent herself, ano- 
ther of its members visits her to ascertain 
the cause ; if without an adequate rea- 
son she again absents herself, she is seri- 
ously rebuked ; if a third time, her name 
is erased from the Committee, as not being 
a suitable person for so important and sa- 
cred a work. — The children of one of the 
Juvenile Societies, situated in a part of the 
country where the people are all vine-dress- 
ers, last autumn collected nuts, in great 
numbers, sold them, and presented the pro- 



240 



ANNIVERSARIES OF SOCIETIES. 



[Aug. 



duce to the Treasurer. Having done this 
in the Autumn, they considered what they 
should do in the spring. They, accordingly, 
went out and collected various species of 
medicinal herbs, and having sold them, pre- 
sented, as before, the money to the Trea- 
surer. 

The Rev. Sereno D WIGHT, of Boston, 
North America, moved the seventh Reso- 
lution. 

Mr. Dwight felt himself admonished to 
brevity by the advanced period of the 
Meeting. Like a preceding speaker it was 
his happiness to be trained to the mission- 
ary cause ; his father had taught him at an 
early age to love and revere the London 
Missionary Society, and had employed him 
to read its intelligence, from time to time, 
as it arrived. 

He had lately the pleasure of seeing, in 
Switzerland, the Rev. Professor Blumhardt, 
who had told him that the labours of the 
British Religious Societies, but especially 
the Missionary exertions in Germany, were 
beginning, by the blessing of God, to 
awaken a spirit of Christian love and zeal 
in that country ; and that both in Germany 
and inPrussia, there were great and evident 
manifestations of the outpouring of the 
Holy Spirit, particularly on ministers of the 
Gospel. 

Mr. D. then related the particulars of 
an attempt made, about 22 years ago, by 
the Government of the United States, to ci- 
vilize an extensive tribe of Creek Indians, 
by making them acquainted with the useful 
arts, and teaching them agriculture. The 
leading man in this attempt, who was fur- 
nished with every requisite for the object, 
and an annual sum of 5 or 6000L returned 
about two years ago, and gave up his com- 
mission, declaring his conviction, that it 
was quite impossible to accomplish the ob- 
ject. Mr. D. then said, the American 
Board for Missions, about three years ago, 
sent out from ten to fifteen persons to a 
tribe of Cherokee Indians ; which commis- 
sion was shortly afterward patronised by 
the chiefs, who have since made a law that 
no spirituous liquors should be sold in their 
country, together with other regulations 
adapted to promote the education of chil- 
dren, and the knowledge of agriculture : 
and many gentlemen who have travelled in 
that part of America, and visited the set- 
tlement, are now living witnesses that 
when the Bible is sent with implements of 
art, the savage character may be tamed, 
and the seeds of civilization soAvn with suc- 
cess. A young Indian Chief, who has re- 
ceived the truth as it is in Jesus, had in 
five years from the time he first heard the 
English language, acquired such a know- 
ledge of it, as to be able to write intelligi- 



bly on religious subjects. He has since re- 
turned to his countrymen as a Herald of 
Salvation. 

It was said in an early stage of this Meet- 
ing that the Society is committed. Let me 
say. Sir, that every Missionary, Bible, and 
every other Evangelical Society, stands 
committed. You have awaked up a spirit 
upon the Continent, that has induced the 
Papal Church to rally its powers, in order 
to sustain itself; and Protestantism, if pos- 
sible, is to be put down. Will you then go 
back ? No ; let us rather show that there 
are two nations in the world which despo- 
tism cannot approach, and superstition 
cannot corrupt ; two nations, which, stand- 
ing united, shall furm the bulwark of the 
civil and religious liberties of the Protest- 
ant world. 

Mr. D. concluded with stating, in refer- 
ence to the subject of the motion, that si- 
milar intercourses and good oflfices take 
place among the several evangelical deno- 
minations in America, as are found to pre- 
vail in this country among the members of 
the different Societies. 



IRISH EVANGELICAL SOCIETY. 

The Eleventh Anniversary of the above 
Society was held at the City of London 
Tavern, May lOth. The Report communi- 
cates the following information respecting 
its plan, and the extent of its operations. 
The Society is not the champion of party 
interests. Us object is simply but faithful- 
ly to show unto the people the way of 
salvation by Jesus Christ. Its Academy 
in Dublin is formed in accordance with 
these principles ; and the Tutors, under 
whose superintendence it is placed, as also 
the students themselves, eight in number, 
belong to different denominations. These 
students are engaged every Lord's day in 
preaching the word of life, or superintend- 
ing Sunday schools, at places in the vicinity 
of Dublin. The general operations of the 
Society, as announced in former reports, 
have been carried on with unabating vi- 
gour during another year, while pleasing 
and important accessions have also been 
made to its sphere of labour. It has 
eighteen stations, in different parts of the 
country, where its ministers are promot- 
ing its important objects in the English 
language. Each station comprises a dis- 
trict; of ten or twenty miles, and includes 
from four to ten towns, or villages, which 
are regularly visited in a round of itine- 
rating labour. At each place the Minister 
circulates copies of the Holy Scriptures and 
religious tract" ; where practicable, he es- 
tablishes and superintends Sunday Schools, 
as well as preaches the glorious gospel of 



1S25.] 



ANNIVERSARIES OF SOCIETIES. 



211 



the blessed God. At three of these stations 
the Society's interests are rather low ; in all 
the others they are decidedly encouraging, 
and in some of them truly prospering. la 
addition to these, it has five native teachers, 
who are labouring in the vernacular lun- 
guagCj and reading the scriptures from cabin 
to cabin, and whose labours and encourage- 
ments greatly abound. The Society's Mi- 
nisters have generally availed themselves of 
the recent Bible discussions in Ireland, by 
announcing that at such a time they would 
preach a sermon on the right of the people 
to read the Holy Scriptures. On these oc- 
casions their chapels have been crowded to 
excess. Roman Catholics, as well as 
others, have eagerly attended ; and, in 
many instances, individuals thus casually 
brought together by the mere excitement of 
the times, have subsequently placed them- 
selves among the regular attendants on the 
Uiinistrj of the word. 



ANNIVERSARIES IN PARIS. 

A letter from Paris dated April 16, 1825, 
inserted in the London Evangelical Maga- 
zine for June, gives the following account 
of the Religious Anniversaries recently 
celebrated in that capital. 

The Anniversaries of the religious So- 
cieties established in France have been held 
this week in the capital, with a degree of 
publicity, and attended with an eagerness 
of zeal, which a short time since the most 
sanguine friends of religion could not have 
anticipated. 

On Tuesday evening, April 12, the Reli- 
gious Tract Society held its Third An- 
nual Meeting in the Hotel Montmorency, 
No. 10, Rue St. Marc. The Baron de Stael, 
Treasurer of the Society, presided. The 
!^eport was read by Mr. Henri Lutterworth, 
banker, one of the Secretaries. The adop- 
tion of the Report was proposed by Mr. 
Gui^ot, late Counsellor of State, and Se- 
cretary to the Minister of Justice, and 
seconded by M. le pasteur Galland, Director 
of the Mission-house. Mr. Fontaine, Mr. 
Merle D'Aubigne, pastor of the French 
Protestant church at Brussels, the Rev. 
Mark Wilks, and the President, also ad- 
dressed the Meeting. At the close of the 
sitting, Mrs. Walker, a Quaker lady from 
America, rose, and requesting Mr. Wilks to 
translate her words sentence by sentence, 
delivered a very pious and impressive ad- 
tlress, which was received with great atten- 
tion and respect. Messrs. Monod, Sen. and 
Jun. opened and closed the business of the 
Meeting by prayer. The operations of the 
'society, though impeded bv the absence 

VouTI. ^ .31 



and illness of some of the members of the 
Committee, have been considerable : the 
amount of the sale of Tracts has increasr 
ed, and that of the subscriptions has not 
diminished. The list of Tracts piibliihe'l 
has been extended from Nos. 15 to 22. 
Prejudices aguinst this mode of propaga- 
ting the truths of the gospel are fast subsi- 
ding, and there is every reason to believe 
that during the ensuing year, should peacs 
and protection be continued, great impro\^;- 
ment will take place in the affairs of ihi-i 
infant Institution. 

The Protestant Bible Society assembled 
on Wednesday the 13th, at 12 o'clock, at 
the Public Hall, Rue de Clery, No 21. 
1 he President, the Marquis de Jancourt, 
took the Chair ; he was supported by se- 
veral peers and members of the Chamber 
of Deputies, and by a number of distin- 
guished Protestants. The report was read 
by the Baron de Stael, one of the Secreta- 
ries ; an interesting Report from the La- 
dies' Committee, written by his sister the 
Duchess de Broglie, was also read by Mr. 
F. Delessert, banker ; and a third Report 
from the Association of Artisans and 
Workmen, was read by one of their own 
body. These Reports stated that there had 
been considerable increase in Auxiliary 
Societies and Associations, in the amount of 
contributions, and in the zeal and religious 
influence of the Society during the past 
year. The President, Count Verhuel, Vice 
Admiral, Count Pressac, Mr. Lafond Ladc- 
bal, Mr. Delessert, Mr. Coulman, Mr. Bil- 
ling, the Baron de Staiil, and M. Wilks of 
Paris, and Mr. Letenneurof Toulouse, Mr. 
Meynadier, pastor of Vallon, and Mr. Appia, 
of Piedmont, addressed the iNleeting, which 
for attendance and interest surpassed any 
former year. 

On Thursday, at Two o'clock, the Mis- 
sioxARY Society held its Second Anniver- 
sary in the Chapel of the Protestant Church 
of the Oratoire, Rue St. Honorc. The 
place of Meeting was much too small for the 
liUiabers who desired to attend. The Count 
Verhuel, Admiral and Peer of France, pre- 
sided ; and after prayer by the Lutheran 
pastor, Mr. Goepp, opened the Meeting by 
a very interesting di3C0ur.-!e. The Report 
was read by M. Galland, formerly pastor at 
Berne, and now Director of the Mission- 
house eslabMshf i! at Pari.;. M. V/addiriglon, 
Treasurer, M. Rossilotti, Professor Stapfer, 
Mr. Mark Wilks, and Caron de Stael, v/ere 
among the speakers on the occasion. The 
members of the Committee, and the Conn- 
try ministers dined together, and spent the 
evening in conversation rcialive to the in- 
terests and progress of the cause of Christ. 
This Society has been rcniaikably succes-s- 
ful ; the amount of its receipts during the 
past vear isdoubl*' that of tli" former year , 



2d2 



HOME PROCEEDINGS. 



[Aug. 



the number of prayer-meetings and auxi- 
liaries has greatly increased, and four young 
Frenchmen, apparently devoted to the Mis- 
sionary service, have entered the Mission- 
house, and commenced their studies under 
the direction of Mr, Galland. 

These facts Avill, doubtic; .-', excite the joy 



and gratitude of Christians of every deno- 
mination in all parts of the world. 

The Society of Christian Morality as- 
sembled on Friday. It is composed of 
Catholics and Protestants. The Duke de 
Brogiie took the Chair, and Mr. Guizot made 
a very remarkable speech on the occasion. 



ujnit3:d foreign missionary society. 



UNION MISSION. 

JOURNAL FOR MARCH, 1825. 

1 HA.— Considering the savage rudeness 
of the Osage warriors, when they meet their 
enemies, or even their friends, on theii- war- 
ground, we have thought ourselves pecu- 
liarly favoured at Union. To-day, how- 
ever, an affair took place, which it may 
perhaps be useful to record. Brother Ful- 
ler has been occupied most of the winter in 
clearing and fencing a large field for corn 
in the river bottom. Wah-ho-bek-keb, who 
has been a fierce and bloody warrior, built 
his lodge on the opposite side of the river, 
and occasionally brought in meat for sale. 
He had conducted himself peaceably till to- 
day, when the evil spirit put it into bis 
heart to do mischief. He crossed over, and 
begged the use of a kettle, which brother 
Fuller denied him, on the ground that he 
could not spare it from his camp. The In- 
dian then attempted to open the door by 
violence. One of the most resolute of the 
labourers stepped forward, and resisted his 
attempt. The Indian then leaped toward 
the man, aiming at him the full blows of his 
tomahawk. The man, unv.illing to risk the 
consequence of taking up his axe in self- 
defence, seized a club, by which he gave 
the Indian one heavy blow, and again re- 
treated. The Indian, still more exasperated, 
pursued, till brother Fuller, observing the 
motion of things, left his plough and canie 
forward. The Indian coming to his recol- 
lection, desisted, and sat down on a log, 
and began to complain that tli. aan had 
struck him. Brother Fuller, k;; .\ ing that 
he was in the wrong, and that iiall aimed 
a number of fatal blows at the oian, one of 
which had glanced down bis back, replied 
to the Indian, you are a bad man, you loanied 
io kill some of us ; and then deliberately 
taking away the Indian's tomahawk, handed 
it to the injured labourer, and told him, 
" you may throw it into the river." It was 
then hurled away into the river, where we 
hope it will rest. The Indian breathed out 
his comi)Iaiiit, Wt-a ivau-liau-ne, i. e. I ara 



poor, and went off, apparently mortified at 
his rashness. 

21si. — The warrior who assaulted the 
camp on the 11th instant, and whom brother 
Fuller deprived of his tomahawk, has again 
come to see us, and behaves more hand- 
somely than we have ever known him. He 
talks about joining the settlement at Hope- 
field ; but, knowing his quarrelsome turn, 
we dare not encourage him to come there 
at present. On the whole we feel satisfied, 
that casting away his tomahawk has been a 
sufficient punishment for his rashness, and 
saved us the trouble of reporting him to the 
civil or military authorities of the country. 
And since this man, who, in other circum- 
stances, might have become so much exas- 
perated as to excite the feelings of many 
against us, has, from the consciousness of 
his own error, become cool, and even in 
some measure reformed, we hesitate not to 
say, that the most benighted heathen has 
reason, has conscience, has a soul : and we 
would improve this occurrence to rouse us 
to increased efforts to guide that reason, 
to enlighten that conscience, and save that 
soul. 

JOURNAL FOR APRIL. 

April 9th. — Brother Vaill spent part of 
this week in visiting the Indians at the great 
village on the Verdigris ; lodged, as for- 
merly, at Clamore's, and notwithstanding 
those grievances stated in the Journal for 
January and February, he was treated with 
usual hospitality and friendship. There 
are at this time more than two hundred 
houses in the town. Clamore's dwelling 
cannot be less than fifty feet in length, and 
sixteen in width, and contains twenty-five 
souls. The same is true of a number of 
other houses. The average number we sup- 
pose to be twelve or thirteen. According 
to the estimate which we have just made, 
there are in this town two thousand five 
hundred soQls. In the Pas-sog-go-neh town 
higher up the Verdigris, there are not less 
than five hundred, which makes the Indians 
of the Arkansas three thousand, instead of 



1825.] 



UNION .MISSION. 



243 



two thousand, as stated in a late paper. Of 
this number, one thousand or more are chil- 
dren, of a suitable age to be at school. 

The instructions from New- York, invit- 
ing one of Ciamore's sons, and one of Tal- 
ly's, to come thither for the purpose of edu- 
cation, were communicated to these chiefs, 
and their answers received. The first said, 
*' I know your object in coming to this 
country ; it is good. But I have not yet 
seen the day when I felt safe in sending my 
children away from home. I have many 
foes. I am like a man who is attacked by 
twenty angry dogs at one time, he knows 
not which to strike first. When the Agent 
comes and lives among us, I shall put two 
of ray sons to your school, that they may 
tarr_. (vith you two years, live on your food, 
learn your language, bei'ore they travel 
abroad, so as not to appear awkward, and 
be subject to sickness by a sudden change of 
diet." 

The second chief, knowing the many pro- 
mises which Clamore had made, which he 
had not fulfilled, replied, " I shall not pro- 
mise till 1 am ready to perform. W hen I 
make up my mind to school my children, I 
shall give them to the missionaries. Till 
then, I shall say nothing." 

Thus the answer of neither was definite 
about sending a son to the east ; and the 
subject was not pressed upon them, except 
so far as to state the advantages of educa- 
tion ; for the most enlightened of these 
people are ready to imagine, that you are 
seeking a benefit from them, if you ask for 
their children. We have been particularly 
gratified in having it in our power to give 
the above invitation to these chiefs, and do 
not give up the hope, that they will soon 
have their eyes opened to see that the edu- 
cation of their children will be a benefit to 
themselves. 

.ipril 25^/t.— Brother Vaill spent the Sab- 
bath, yesterday, at the great village, and 
preached in the old chief's lodge, from 
t these words, " My people are wi.sc to do 
1 evil, but to do good they have no know- 
1 ledge." The attempt was more successful 
j, than was anticipated ; indeed it was more 
so than any that has yet been made, to our 
knowledge, in any of the villages except at 
Hopefield. Wbat was particularly pleas- 
ing, was the fact, that they sent forth the 
public crier on Saturday evening, to pro- 
claim that the Tah-poos-kah, or missionary, 
had come; that tlie coming day was the 
Sabbath ; that they must all keep still, &c. 
On Sabbath evening the interpreter said, 
they had been more still than usual ; though 
the women proceeded with their planting, 
; and the boys played at quoits. 

The blind chief, who is considered a ju- 
dicious and wise man for an Indian, observ- 
ed, that there would be a heap of rorn lost 



if the women should quit planting for the 
Uiiipak IVoh-kun-dah, the day of God. 
And Tally s&id once at the mission house, 
when requested not to make salt 0)i the 
Sabbath, Uinpah Woli-kun-dah erd-sie, I 
hate God's day, it makes people poor. As 
yet the chiefs lend not their example or in- 
liuence to prcr:iote the objects of ihe mis- 
sion J still, yesterday's success gives us 
encouragement, and the tin:.e has come 
when the whole nation begin to form some 
idea of our business among them, and of 
the Sabbath ; and had we another preacher 
here, the word of God might be dispensed 
both at the settlement and at the great vil- 
lage every Sabbaih, and at other times. 
May God send us assistance in due season. 

April 25th. — Examined the school pre- 
vious to a vacation of two weeks. The 
number of scholars is twenty-one. The 
children have appeared far better than at 
any past period ; and all who now attend 
the school appear to be fixed. The parents 
of all except the two youngest, are settled 
down in habits of industry. We have five 
from a teltlement fifteen miles up this river, 
composed of Frenchmen, who have Osage 
wives, and who have just now quit the life 
of the hunter, for that of the farmer, — one 
from a simdar settlement, just commenced, 
ten miles below us, — three from Mr. Cho- 
teau's establishment, and six from Hope- 
field. To all these settlers, we have lent 
some small assistance, to stimulate their 
exertion. The remaining four belong to 
Swiss, who, with his wife, are diligently 
labouring in the service of the mission. 

From the above statement, the Christian 
public will see, that the wild Indian must 
be partially lamed before he will see the 
necessity of having his children educated. 
And though the present progress of this in- 
fant school is very encouraging, yet we 
have been called to nurse it with great ten- 
derness, and 10 do much in cultivating the 
rnlnds o( their parents. 

April 22d. lieceived a boy into the school, 
belonging to Beautiful J>ird, one of the 
Osage farmers at Uopcfield. He is a lad 
of about eleven years of age. Was brought 
at first in the summer of 1S23, but soon ran 
away. Was acrain brought last summer, 
but v/lien taken with the hooping-cough, 
and quite sick, his old grandmother came 
and cried over him, and enticed him away 
to the great village. His father is now de- 
termined that he shall slay. 



HOPEFIELD. 

Mr. Requa, in a letter dated May 17, 
1825, gives the following account of the 
little colony of Indian farmers which has 
been gathered at Hopefield 



244 



HOME PROCEEDINGS. 



In a conimunication by our ikceascd 
fi iciia and brotlier, E. Chapman, dated 2d 
.July, 1824, and in his first report, you have 
the history of this settlement from its origin 
to that date. It now remains for me to 
1 ursuc the history. 

Ill July last, shortly after brother C.'s 
ronimunication, as soon as vegetables were 
calahie, such as corn, melon?, pumpkins, 
ivc. the Indians here lived almost entirely 
on them, having littl;^ or nothing else upon 
which they couUl subsist. This, together 
wit!i the uiihealthy season of the year, was 
probably the occasion of much sickness 
among them. Our physician frequently 
visited them, and did much to restore their 
health, yet some died. Among those who 
died was an Indian woman, supposed to be 
ftt least an hundred years old. Not only 
the natives, but brother and sister Chapman, 
Mrs. Requa, and myself, were more or less 
afflicted with the prevailing fever. This 
was indeed discouraging to all, but especially 
to those poor Indians, who were so credu- 
lous as to believe what their sahka shivgah, 
or old men, told them, that their living 
among white people was the cause ol the 
sickness and deaths among them. The 
more rational, however, did not believe 
such superstitious notions. During their 
absence many of them were so sick tiiat 
three families returned to receive medical 
aid before they accomplished any thing in 
hunting. The rest arrived late in the fall, 
and gave a detailed account of their suffer- 
ings, which were truly lamentable. By rea- 
son of these discouragements, they were 
not disposed to labour much until some 
time in the winter. Their health and spirits 
being then restored, they began to talk 
:>bout their houses and fields, and to resume 
Ihcir labour. Since that time three log ca- 
lkins have been erected, their fields have 
been enlarged, and more than four thou- 
sand rails have been made. 

Early last winter, four other families 
from the wandering Indians settled here, 
which makes the number of ()?agc farmers, 
including our interpreti^r, "firteen, and the 
number of inhabitants ninety-one. 

[Mr. Requa then gives a table showing the 
^inmes of the fifteen farmers, th? number of 
thcirwives and children, and the number of 
acres of land enclosed and cultivated by 
each. From this table it appears that thir- 
teen out of the fifteen are married, and two 
are widowers ; one of them has three wives, 
and another two ; the rest have only one. 
The whole number of their children is forty- 
iMiCf of whom seven arc at school. The 



Wiio'e number of acres of land enclosed is 
seventy-three, and the number cultivatcd'i.s 
forty-three.] 

Most of the settlers, considering their 
former idle habits, and roving dispositions, 
have far exceeded our expectations in per- 
severing industry and in steadiness of de- 
portment. They continue to assemble on 
the Sabbath and attend to divine instruc- 
tion. Brother Vaill makes no small exer- 
tions to come here every Sabbath morning, 
to preach to them. In the afternoon he re- 
turns to his pastoral charge at Union. We 
have reason to be encouraged, and to be- 
lieve the hand of the Lord is assisting us. 
Oh ! "may we labour and not faint." Have 
we not cause to believe that the Lord is 
thus preparing the way for this people to 
receive the blessings of the New Covenant 
in Christ. 

I will now attempt to give you a descrip- 
tion of their poverty ; and you will allow 
me to plead in their behalf. Some of the 
families that came here last winter have 
subsisted a part of the time on nothing but 
acorns, which they prepare by boiling them 
first in ashes and water, and then in pure 
vvatei*. Their extreme poverty prevents 
them from making those preparations which 
are necessary to their farming more exten- 
sively. They have horses, and wish to ac- 
custom them to work ; but they have no 
harness for them, no ploughs, no wagons 
or carts. They wish to cut timber for ca- 
bins, rails, &c. but they have only a few 
axes, which were lent them by Union Mis- 
sion. They would have split many more 
rails this spring, if they could have had a 
sufficient nuu^ber of iron wedges. They 
would dress or cultivate their corn to rottch 
better advantage, if they could have a suf- 
ficient num.bcr of hoes. All these imple- 
ments they are destitute of except a few 
hoes. A few of the women have planted 
some cotton. They inquire, When shall 
we he able to make cloth ? They have seen 
large spinning wheels at Union, and know 
the use of them. They ask. Who will give 
us wheels, and furnish us with things ne- 
cessary to weave cloth ? — They say. If you 
write to your good friends at the east, will 
not they help us ? Are there not plenty of 
such things there ? But I forbear ; I can 
scarcely refrain from tears while I write 
and reflect on their destitute condition. 
Cannot something be done to assist them 
in their agricultural and domestic pursuits ? 
I trust the Lord, who has all hearts in hi.s 
hands, will dispose some to cast, of their 
abundance, into his treasury, >hat this de- 
graded people may be raised from their low 
estate to enjoy the blessings of civilize^ 
niaii. 



MACINAW MISSION'. 



MACKINAW MISSION. 

The following extract of a letter from Mr. 
H. one of the teachers at Mackinaw, under 
date of April 30tb, gives a very gratifyinp; 
account of the state of the Indian school at 
that station. When it is recollected that 
the school was opened only as late as Octo- 
ber 1823, that at the date of this letter, 
many of the boys had been in the family of 
the missionaries only a few months, that 
when first received, they were wholly igno- 
rant of the English language, and that their 
teachers ^have constantly laboured under 
great embarrassments, for want of a suffi- 
cient supplyof books and other conveniences, 
their progress in learning will appear truly 
surprising. After alluding to the difticulties 
above named, Mr. H. who commenced his 
duties as a teacher in^^ovembcr last, pro- 
ceeds as follows : — 

Now, what could you expect, from a 
school under such circumstances as these ? 
And yet, the improvement has exceeded my 
highest hopes. During the first quarter, 
and at the examination, there was nothing 
very particular for us to report, only that 
the schools had made good improvement, 
and that their conduct had generally been 
commendable. At the commencement of 
the second quarter, I prepared a paper with 
the names of all my scbolars on it, and a 
place to set the number of verses committed, 
one for credit marks, one for late attend- 
ance, and another for bad conduct. This 
paper was fastened upon the wall, in a con- 
spicuous place, exposed to the view of all 
■who entered the house. The thing seemed 
to have a very good effect on most of the 
scholars, and to create a kind of rivalship 
between the male and female departments. 
Many of the children were anxious to excel. 
By this time many of the children that en- 
tered the family, between the time that the 
school opened, (October 1823,) and the fol- 
lowing August, began to spell in any part of 
the spelling-book, to read with facility in 
easy readings, and many of them to write a 
legible hand. About the middle of the quar- 
ter, the first class in the female school, 
(being more than twenty in number,) sen* 
a challenge to the first class in the boys' 
.school, to spell with them. The challenge 
was accepted — and the lesson proposed was 
the lOtli Table in Webster's spelling-book. 
The lesson was new, and the time to prepare 
for the contest, only three hours, and that 
mostly occupied with other studies. — But in 
spelling about fifty words, t%venty boys only 
missed seven words, and the girls only four. 



The boys, on finding themselves beaten, 
sent back another challenge to spell on trial 
for a week together. This also was accept- 
ed, and they went through the week, lesson 
after lesson, with missing only about fifteen 
words in the boys' school, and twenty in 
the girls'. Some of the younger boys, see- 
ing the strife, caua;ht the flame of ambition, 
commenced the same lessons, and went on 
day after day without missing a single word. 
This was reported to brother Ferry, and as 
a reward for this diligence, he promised 
each of the boys in one class (being six in 
number, who came from the Indian coun- 
try, destitute of any knowledge of letters 
last July) a Bible, provided they would 
spell from the nineteenth Table in Webster's 
spelling-book, through to the proper names. 
Three of the boys and one girl, that entered 
the school at the same time, and under the 
same circumstances, obtained the reward, 
and the other three boys missed only one or 
two words apiece. At the esaaiination at 
the close of the second quarter, i had the 
satisfaction to see and report, that chil- 
dren who could scarcely read in two sylla- 
bles when I commenced, could now read in- 
telligibly in the Bible, and spell with facility 
in any part of Webster's spelling-book, and 
write a legible hand. Also, that some few 
could pass a good examination on arithme- 
tic, grammar, and geography. And besides 
all this, that in the school during the last 
quarter, there had been committed to me- 
mory, and recited in the school, five thou- 
sand two hundred and fifty-seven verses in 
the Bible and biblical questions. This is 
the report of the male department, and the 
female department is equally interesting. 

From the present appearance, the Mis- 
sion is gaining more and more the confi- 
dence of the people. We have now fifty 
children, and could have fifty more, if we 
could accommodate them. But neither our 
means of support, nor accommodations will 
justify such additions to our number. Yet it 
is truly painful to be under the necessity of 
refusing the means of life and comfort to 
perishing souls, when this is our professed 
object in this place. O ! when will the 
church awake to the interests of the Re- 
deemer's kingdom, that the word of life and 
salvation may be sent to the thousands of 
immortal beings who are now perishing 
without knowledge and without hope. 

When we consider that this is the seat of 
the Indian trade, the resort of thousands- 
yearly, the place that must and will give 
character to all the surrounding couritry, 
and consequently the channel through which 
all moral and religious instruction must be 
sent to these perishing souls, we feel that 
our mission is inseparably connected with 
the interests of the Kedeemer's kingdom in 
this place. And may the Lord give us wis- 



246 



MISCELLANY. 



[Altg. 



dom and grace to make our labours subser- 
vient to his glory and the good of souls. 

CATARAUGUS MISSION. 
Dedication of an Indian JSIeeting-house. 
Mr. Thayer in a letter to the Secretary, 
dated July 9th, writes as follows : — 

In my last, I mentioned that the Indians 
were erecting a Meeting-house. It is now 
completed, and is a very pleasant building, 
thirty-two by twenty-eight feet, neatly fi- 
nished. It was dedicated to Almighty God 
last Sabbath. The house was crowded with 
Indians of both parties, and white people 
from the surrounding settlements. Not far 



from four hundred souls were present to 
hear the word of life dispensed. Brother 
Harris preached the dedication Sermon. 
The services were all solemn, and together 
with the occasion rendered it one of the 
most interesting scenes I have witnessed. 
To see a temple of the Lord rising on hea- 
then ground, and solemnly set apart for the 
worship of Jehovah is truly animating. Af- 
ter the dedicatory service, the Lord's Sup- 
per was administered ; — there were present, 
members of several churches, and nearly all 
the Indian church from Seneca. 

In that House may many sinners be 
brought to experience the enlightening and 
saving power of the Gospel, and by the or- 
dinances of grace be trained up for future 
glory. 



CHRISTIANITY IN INDIA. 

The Rev. Mr. Hough, Chaplain to the 
East India Company at the Madras station, 
makes the following statements in reply to 
the assertion of the Abbe Dubois, that 
Christian missionaries have made no con- 
verts in India. 

I will not dwell upon the native congre- 
gations — amounting to about one hundred 
and sixty — assembled by the Baptist, the 
Church, the Methodist, the London, the 
Scottish, and the American Missionary So- 
cieties, in different parts of India, since they 
do not consist entirely of Christians. I will, 
however, state, that those Societies can 
enumerate nearly THREE THOUSAND 
CONVERTS, who have renounced all their 
supersiii-'ons, have embraced the Christian 
faith upon principle, are living according to 
the Saviour's commands, and thus adorning 
their profession in the midst of idolatry and 
iniquity. The strictest attention rs paid to 
their moral conduct : and when it is not in 
conformity with their profession, they are 
suspended, and denied the privilege of com- 
munion, until the missionary is satisfied as 
to the sincerity of their repentance. Many 
have died in the faith, and given every 
proof that divine grace had regenerated 
their hearts. 

Here I might close my argument with 
triumph I But I have not done. — There is 
a body of Christians in South India to which 
I have not referred. They are the fruits of 
the labours of the Danish missionaries at 



Tranquebar, and the German missionaries 
of the Christian Knowledge Society, and 
have been converted at different periods du- 
ring the last century. They occupy eight 
principal stations — Verpery, Tanjore, Tran- 
quebar, Trichinopoly, Tinnevelly, Cudda- 
lore, Madura, and Ramnad. They are to 
be found also, in small numbers, scattered 
through many villages of South India. 
Wheii I state them at twenty thousand, I es- 
timate them far below their actual number. 

The work from which this extract was 
taken, was first published about a year ago. 
" Of course" says the Editor of the Boston 
Recorder, " the statements cannot extend 
to the present time. Yet we know, that 
within the last year or two, many of the 
missions in India have been signally fa- 
voured. We know that within this period 
the Divine blessing has been bestowed in a 
wonderful manner upon the American Mis- 
sion in Ceylon j and that of 200 youth in 
the sevei-al Boarding Schools, r)\ort than one 
third giv e evidence of having tasted and seen 
that the Lord is good. We know that al- 
most before the missionaries could gather 
in -the fruits of the first revival, a second 
commenced ; and, it may be continues to 
the present day. 

In the early part of 1823, there were in 
the Boarding Schools at Ceylon, 152 stu- 
dents, besides several on probation. Of 
this number, 116 were Vellalas, and 8 Chit- 
tys. These two casts are high, compared 
with others in the District of Jaffna, except 
the Brahmins. There were also lO Mada- 
pallys ; which class is very respectable. 



1825.] 



MISCELLANV. 



247 



Out of 152 scholars, then, in the Ceylon 
Boarding Schools, at least 134 are of high 
cast. If any one doubts whether these 
scholars ought to be considered " converts," 
let it be remembered, that 44 of their num- 
ber were to be admitted to the Lord's table, 
on the 20tb of January last, according to 
the strict rules of evangelical Christians in 
this country. In other words, after a trial 
of several mr.^'h- O/orn Ihe liii.c tL.y bc;^an 
to hope, they give satisfactory evidence of 
a change of heart. The whole number of 
native members of the church gathered by 
the American missionaries in Ceylon, inclu- 
ding the above, is more than seventy.''^ 

Opinicn of Dr. Johnsmij with respect to 
Jdissions and Translations. There are per- 
sons who would pay much more respect to 
the opinion of that colossus in English li- 
terature, Dr. Johnson, on any subject of 
morality or religion, than to tke opinion of 
missionaries, or of their patrons. If these 
j)ages should fall into the hands of any such 
persons, we entreat them to consider the 
following short extract from Boswell's Life 
of Johnson : — 

*' I did not expect to hear," says the Doc 
tor, " that it could be in an assembly con- 
vened for the propagation of Christian 
knowledge, a question whether any nation, 
uninstructed in religion, should receive 
instruction ; or whctlier that instruction 
should be imparted to them by translation 
of the Holy Books into their own language. 
If obedience to the will of God be necessary 
to happiness, and knowledge of his will be 
necessary to obedience, I know not how he 
that withholds this knowledge, or denies it, 
can be said to love his neighbour as himself. 
He that voluntarily continues ignorant is 
guilty of all the crimes which ignorance 
produces : as to him that should extinguish 
the tapers of a light-house, might justly 
be imputed the calamities of shipwreck. 
Christianity is the highest perfection of hu- 
manity ; and as no man is good, but as he 
wishes the good of others, no man can be 
good in the highest degree who wishes not 
to others the largest measures of the greatest 
good." 

The Doctor proceeds to represent it as 
one of the greatest of crimes " to omit for 
a year, or for a day, the most efficacious 
method of advancing Christianity, in com- 
pliance with any purposes that terminate on 
this side the grave." 

" Let it be remeoibered," says he in con- 
* elusion, "that the efficacy of ignorance has 
been long tried, and has not produced the 
consequences expected. Let knowledge, 
therefore, take its turn, and let the patrons 
of privation stand aside, and admit the ope- 
ration of positive principles." 



These opinions were expressed long be- 
fore any of the great modern exertions for 
the diffusion of the Gospel were commenced. 
What would the Doctor have said at the 
present day ? and where would he have 
found terms strong enough to express his 
approbation of these exertions, or his con- 
demnation of indifference or opposition to 
this cause ? — Miss. Her. 

REVIVAL AMONG THE INDIANS AT GREEN 
BAY. 

A letter from the agent of the Episcopal 
Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society, 
at Green Bay, dated April 16th, to his cor- 
respondent in Philadelphia, thus speaks of 
the state of religion among the Indians at 
that station. 

For two months past, an increasing atten- 
tion to religion has been, gaining upon the 
minds of the New-York Indians, who are 
settled here ; and some instances of deep 
conviction bave been manifested by indi- 
viduals which, we hope, have terminated 
in saving conversion. 

I would mention as a particular instance, 
the conversion of Christine, a woman 72 
years old, — she had been, as she expressed 
herself, "a pagan at heart, and a disbe- 
liever of the church of faith," — she had re- 
sisted the preaching of Dr. Edwards, Mr. 
Occum, and Mr. Sergeant, but now finds it 
impossible to resist the influences of the 
Divine Spirit. With uplifted hands she 
exclaimed, "It is wonderful that 1 should 
be brought to know God, and find mercy in 
Redeeming grace at this late period " 

Another woman upwards of 70, and ano- 
ther about 60, have, wc hope, passed from 
death unto life. 

This attention to divine things seems to 
be general ; the young as well as the aged, 
are beginning to inquire after the things 
that belong to their eternal peace. 

PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

The following statements were recently 
made by the Rev. Dr. Ely of Philadelphia, 
before the Massachusetts General Associa- 
tion. 

The General Assembly comprises, at 
the present time ^ fourteen Synods ; each of 
which, on an average, has greater territo- 
rial limits than the commonwealth of Mas- 
sachusetts. These Synods comprehend 
eighty-one Presbyteries ; each of which con- 
sists of one ruling elder from each congre- 
gation within certain Presbyterial limits, 
together with all the ordained ministers re- 
sident in the same. In all these Presbyte- 
ries united, there arc now living, according 



248 



MISCELLLANY. 



[Aug. 



to the statistical returns of the two last 
years, me tkc^isaml and eighty-eight Minis- 
ters of the Gospel. In the year preceding 
May last, twenty Presbyterian clergymen 
departed this life. The Lice>itiates of the 
Presbyterian Church are 175, and Candi- 
dates for license 200. Eighteen hundred and 
sixty-six churches, and about 118,000 com- 
municants have been actuall}^ returned, but 
several Presbyteries have made no returns ; 
and at the lowest calculation, there are now 
2,000 churches, and 150,000 communicants 
under the spiritual care of the Assembly. 
The number of communicants added in the 
two last years, according to actual returns, 
exceeded 20,000 ; the adults baptized in the 
same time exceeded 5,000 ; and the infants 
baptized were a little more than 20,000. 

The Board of Education under the care 
of the Presbyterian Assembly, either directly 
or by its auxiliaries, collected and expended 
$14,000 last year, in aiding 225 indigent 
young men in pursuing their studies with a 
view to the Christian ministry ; and in the 
year preceding the last, it expended $10,000 
for the same object. During the last year, 
about $12,000 were given toward the foun- 
dation of scholarships in the Theological 
Seminary at Princeton ; and about y$20,000 
for the establishment of professorships. In 
this Seminary there are HO pupils ; at Au- 
burn, in N. Y. about 30 ; at Hampden Sid- 
ney, Va. about 10 ; and in Maryville in 
Tenn. about 15 , making in all, 165 students 
in Theological Schools, connected with the 
Presbyterian Church. Nearly one half of 
the churches under the care of the Assem- 
bly, are now vacant, and societies in that 
connexion are likely to multiply more ra- 
pidly than their licentiates. 

The Board oj Missions under the care of 
the Assembly, has at its disposal annually, 
$5,000, or nearly that sum, and last year 
employed fifty-four missionaries, in the wes- 
tern country principally, for different peri- 
ods, which together would he equal to 168 
months ; or to the labours of one mission- 
ary for fourteen years. Last year ten new 
churches were formed, and several pastors 
settled, through the influence of this Bokrd. 
The principal field of its labours in former 
yearf was the western part of the state of 
New- York, where the Assembly now has 
two Synods, in a region of country which 
thirty years ago contained only 2,000 inha- 
bitants. By the last census the population 
was shown to be upward of 500,000. The 
South and West now claim the principal 
missionary labours of the Assembly ; and 
next to the error and vice which are com- 
mon to every part of our country, the As- 
sembly has occasion to deplore nothing so 
much as its inability to supply the rapidly 
increasing Presbyterian population of the 



great valley of the Mississippi, with well- 
educated, pious, and zealous pastors. 

The reasonableness of distressing appre- 
hensions on this subject, is in some measure 
apparent from the foregoing statements. 
Add to these, that in the»states of Missouri 
and Illinois, amid a population of 160,000 
persons, and in a territory 500 miles square, 
the Assembly have already eighteen churches, 
and only seven ordained ministers, with one 
licentiate ; that in the states of Mississippi 
and Louisiana, amid a population of 
230,000, they have only eleven ministers 
of the Gospel ; and that the territorial li- 
mits of the Presbytery of Mississippi, com- 
prehending a part of Florida, a part of Ala- 
bama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, 
and the Western Territory of the Louisiana 
purchase, incjude as many square miles as 
all the original thirteen United States of 
America. The faithful ministers now 
wanted by tfae General Assembly for their 
destitute churches, are not less than 1,000 ; 
and there is no probability that in five years, 
more than 500 will be obtained from among 
the native sons of that communion. So fav 
as possible, however, to provide for their 
present and future necessities, the Assem- 
bly have resolved to establish a Western 
Theological Seminary, in addition to the 
one at Princeton. 

BIRMAN MISSION. 

^ Mr. George D. Boardman, who has been 
appointed by the Baptist Board of Missions 
to labour in the Birman Empire, sailed with 
his lady from Philadelphia for Calcutta, on 
the 16th ult. The reasons which influenced 
the Board to send out additional mission- 
aries in the present unsettled state of the 
Birman Empire, are thus stated in the Ame- 
rican Baptist Magazine for August : 

1. The latest advices give us reason to 
believe that the war against the English 
cannot be long continued. Persons from 
India in this country, best qualified to judge, 
give it as their decided opinion that it must 
ere this have terminated. 

2. Whether terminated at this time or 
not, Iheue can be no doubt in the mind of 
any reasonable man, that it must terminate 
eventually in favour of the British. The 
British entered upon this war with great re- 
luctance, but with a full determination, after 
it should have been commenced, to prose- 
cute it to a successful result. Their ability 
to do this, and the necessity of their doing 
it, in order to maintain their control over 
their immense territories in India, cannot 
for a moment admit of a question. 

3. The mode in which the w'arbas been 



• 



1825.] / ^isc 

carried on iiy the Birraans, v. ou\d lead us 
to expect :hat nothing but the entire .sub- 
jugation of their country will accomplish 
the purpose of inflicting that salutary dis- 
cipline for which, on the part of the Bri- 
tish, it was commenced. Should this be 
the case, it may be anticipated, that the 
whole of the Birmese territory will be under 
British Jaw ; and hence a more effectual 
door opened for the dissemination of the 
Gospel than at any preceding period. 

4. So soon as the British have established 
a government in Burmah, a printing press 
will become absolutely necessary to them 
for the purpose of disseminating laws, go- 
vernment orders, &c. We believe that ours 
is the only Birman press in existence, and 
our missionaries the only men who are there 
qualified to use it. They would, therefore, 
be of great utility to the government, and 
their labour would be of advantage to tbe 
mission. Should these events transpire ac- 
cording to our expectations, no men could 
ever re-commence a mission under more en- 
couraging auspices. It would seem, there- 
fore, under such circumstances, that when 
the brethren return, they should be so re- 
inforced as to be able to pursue their la- 
lour with the greatest possible advantage. 

5. These circumstances seemed to the 
Committee to render the services of such a 
man as Mr. Boardman peculiarly desirable 
to the mission at the present juncture. He 
appeared to them qualified by Providence, 
in an unusual manner, to be of essential 
advantage at this re-commencement of la- 
bour, and under circumstances in a great 
measure novel. This would be particu- 
larly the case if any thing unfortunate 
should have occurred to our brethren at 
Ava. 

6. But supposing all these anticipations 
to have been incorrect. Suppose the war 
to be prolonged far beyond any expecta- 
tion. No one will say tiiat the mission is 
to be abandoned. And if it is not to be 
abandoned, no reason could possibly be as- 
signed which should delay Mr. Boardman's 
sailing at the present time. He must learn 
the language. Mr. Wade is in the neigh- 
bourhood of Calcutta, and three Birmans 
reside in his family. Here will be every 
facility for preparation, which could be ac- 
quired in Rangoon itself. Living will not 
be more expensive there than here. There- 
fore, after due deliberation, it was una- 
nimously resolved, in a meeting of the 
Committee in June last, that~Mr. B. should 
sail by the first favourable opportunity for 
Calcutta. 

JOURNAL OF MR. WOI,F. 

In March of last year, Mr. "Wolf was at 
Moussul on the Tigris, near the seat of the 
Vol. Vi, ~ 32 



ELLANr. 249 

ancient Nineveh. This city contains up- 
ward of 30,000 inhabitants, consisting of 
Turks, Kurds, Jews, Arabs, and Armenian 
and Syrian Christians. The number of 
Jewish families is about 200, and they have 
here a high priest, a synagogue, and a col- 
lege for young men. Mr. Wolf gives the 
following account of his interview with the 
chief Rabbi: 

March 19, 1S24.— I went to the Jews to 
speak of Jesus Christ, who is slow to anger, 
and great in povt^er ; who hath his way in 
the whirlwind and in the storm ; who rc- 
buketh the sea, and maketh it dry j who 
spared, in former times, Nineveh, that great 
cUv, wherein were more than six-score 
thousand persons, and also much cattle, i 
called on Rabbi Mese, t!ie chief Rabbi of 
Moussul : the Itabbies Jonas, Solomon, and 
David were present, and I saluted them in 
Hebrew. 

I. Peace be with you, and your Sabbath 
be peace. 

Rabbles. The peace of Messiah, the peace 
of Jerusalem. 

Rabbi Jonas. (Addressing himself to me.) 
Do you come perchance from the river 
Scuubation, to bring us good tidings of th*^ 
Messiah ! 

/. No river Sambation is in existence, 
but 1 come here to bring you good tidings. 

Junas. From what land do you now come 

/. I come from the land of Israel, from 
Jerusalem, and Aleppo. 

Jonas. What do our brethren at Jerusa- 
lem say of the Messiah ; will he soon come ' 
There, in Palestine, they must know some- 
thing : we always look toward Palestine. 

/. Alas ! our brethi-en at Jerusalem know 
but little of the tru3 Messiah : I conversed 
with them much concerning Him, in whotu 
I trust that he will have mercy on his peo- 
ple, and soon come again ; and of whom I 
trust tha' he will come, that he shall come, 
that he shall not tarry : Amen ! 

Have you never read the Gospel of Jesus 
Christ, who was crucified for our sins at Je- 
rusalem, and who is the true Messiah ; who 
is the feiiow of the Lord of Hosts, against 
whom his sword av/aked ? It is true, that 
tribulations lie very heavy upon men ; their 
mnid is often cast down in the time of mi- 
sery, but as soon hs you shall begin to fee! 
a god^y sorrow for your sins — as soon as 
you shall begin to feel the burden of your 
spiritual misery as strongly as you feel the 
burden of your temporal misery, then the 
tiijie, the hour of your redemption will be 
nigh, and the clouds of your misery will 
pass away ; for you shall see that Jesus, 
and none but Jesus, is ruighty to i-ave ! 

Rabbi Solomcn. My grandfather, a grea: 



diseiple oftUe w ise mtn, peace be upon him, 
%vas very anxious to know the contents of 
the Gospel ; he therefore bought an Arabic 
Gospel from a Christian priest, and copied 
the whole of it with Hebrew characters, in 
order that the disciples of the wise might 
read and examine it in the college. He read 
it continually, and when he died, he left it 
as an heritage to the college, but none hi- 
therto have followed his example. I shall 
now read it, and I will compare it with the 
Hebrew translation which you have given 
to me ! 

Habbi Solomon is the master of the Jew- 
ish college at Moussul, and a gentleman 
sixty years of age : iet us hope that the 
children of Israel, in the literal Nineveh, 
v/ill soon hear the voice of Him who is 
greater than Jonas. 

A great many other Jews of respectability 
then called on me at the residence of the 
Syrian bishop, and read the Hebrew Gospel 
in the presence of the Syrian bishop, and 
many other Syrians, and explained to the 
Syrians the meaning of it in Arabic : my 
brethren expounded the Gospel to Chris- 
tians ! The Syrian bishop, who is a very 
sensible man, said, that they had never seen 
such a traveller as I am, and never saw such 
a scene before. He desired me to leave 
with him a Hebrew Testament, that he 
might give it to some Jew when he had an 
opportunity. I gave him one. 

On the Sabbath Mr. W. attended at the 
Syrian church. He speaks thus of the ser- 
vice : 

I heard two sermons preached in the Sy- 
rian church ; there was more of the Gospel 
io them than I had expected. The preacher 
tirst made the sign of the cross, saying, 

In the name of the Father, the Son, and 
the Holy Spirit," and than all the people re- 
peated these words. He took his text from 
Isaiah liii. 3. The sufferings of Christ 
were described in the most affecting man- 
ner. He said, " I imagine I see the Lord 
from heaven on the cross, the nails in his 
bands, the bitter gall in his mouth. Lord, 
how much didst thou suffer for us !" The 
congregation repeated the words, " Lord, 
how much didst thou suffer for us !" The 
preacher went on — "and all this he suffered 
to redeem us from the torments of hell I 
Lord, save us from the torments of hell !" 
The congregation interrupted the preacher, 
and exclaimed, "Lord, save us from the 
torments of hell 1" After this the joy of the 
saints in Paradise was described ; and here 
reference was made to the fathers. The 
preacher closed his sermon with the excla- 
mation, " Lord, suffer us to enter the gates 
of Paradise." The people repeated, " Lord, 
suffer us to enter the gates of Paradise." 



ADDRESS fO THE WTASDOT CHIEFS. 

The following is the address ■>( the Su- 
perintendent of the Indian department at 
Washington to the Wyandot chitfs. The 
sentiments which it breathes do honour to 
our national government : 
Department of War— Office of Indian. iff airs ^ 
25th Mujch, \82L 

Friends and Brothers, — Your talk to 
your great father, the President of the 
United States, of the 7th month, has been 
received, and read by him. 

Brothers — Your great father takes his 
Wyandot children by the hand. He 
thanks them for their greeting of health 
and peace, and oilers 30U in return his 
best wisiies for your prosperity and happi- 
ness. 

Brothers — Your great father is very 
much pleased to hear o/your improvement, 
and especially that you are learning to re- 
verence the Great Spirit, and to read his 
Avord, and obey its directions. Follow 
what that word directs, and you will be a 
happy people. 

Brothers — Your great father takes a deep 
interest, as you do yourselves, in the prospe- 
rity of your children. They will be certain 
to grow up in wisdom, if you continue to 
teach them how to serve the Great Spirit, 
and conduct themselves well in this world. 
In ail tiiis the word of the Great Spirit should 
be your guide. You must teach them to 
love peace ; to love one another ; to be 
sober ; you must instruct them how to 
plough the ground, sow the seed, and reap 
the harvest : you must teach them how to 
make implements of husbandry, and for all 
the mechanic arts : your young women 
you must teach to spin, and make your 
clothes, and to manage your household ; 
your young men to labour in the shops, 
and in the fields ; and to bring home ail 
that you may need for the support of your 
families. Add to all this the fear and love 
of the Great Spirit, and obedience to his 
word, and be at peace with one another, 
and you will be a happy people. 

Brothers — Your great father is glad that 
you have so good a man as the Rev. Mr. 
Finley among you. Listen to his words. 
Follow his advice. He will instruct you 
in all these things. 

Brothers— Your great father will never 
use force to drive you from your lands. 
What Gov. Cass told you, your great fa- 
ther will see shall be made good. The 
strong fence which he promised you at the 
treaty of Fort Meigs should be put around 
your lands and never be broken down, 
never shall be, by force or violence. But 
your great father will not compel you to 



1825.] 



M1SCELLA^"V. 



251 



remain where you are, if you think it bet- 
ter, at any time, to settle elsewhere. 

Brothers — On this part of your talk, 
your great father directs me to send you a 
small book which Mr. Finley will read and 
explain to you. You will see from it >vhat 
his views are on the subject of making the 
Indians a great and happy people. But he 
■will never force you into the measure, but 
will leave it to your own discretion. As 
reasonable children, he thinks you will see 
a great deal of reason in this small book, 
and that your best interests are connected 
with a compliance with what it recom- 
mends. But be happy, and fear nothing 
from your great father. He is your friend, 
and will never permit you to be driven 
away from your lands. He never will fall 
on a poor helpless red child and kill it be- 
cause it is weak. His heart is not made of 
such cruelty. He would rather protect and 
defend it, and care the more for it because 
of its helplessness. 

Brothers — Your great father greets you 
as his children, and bids me tell you, you 
will find him in all things kind and merci- 
ful unto you. He sends you his be^t wish- 
es for your improvement and happiness. 
Your friend and brother, 

(Signed) Th. L. Mc Kenxet. 

Revival nt Carey, — The Rev. Isaac M'Coy, 
the Baptist missionary who is stationed at 
Carey, among the Pottowuttomies, one hun- 
dred miles northwest of Fort Wayne, (Ind.) 
in a letter to a friend, inserted in the Bap- 
tist Magazine for August, says : 

You have heard of the grace that has 
been experienced in our family and neigh- 
bourhood since last summer. The fruit that 
has been gathered of this good work has 
been eight white men in our employ, eleven 
of our Indian pupih, an aged Pottowatto- 
mie Chief, and an elderly Poltowattomie 
woman Another of our pupils was some 
time ago approved by the cliurch, but he 

fears that he is not good enougli to be 
baptized and on account of these scru- 
ples his baptism has been delayed. His de- 
portment and conversation ore very satis- 
factory. There are others of our nei;;h- 
bours who, Ave believe, are serious. In onr 
family, however, the religious excitement 
seems to have abated, while prospects in 
relation to the neighbours are rather im- 
proving than otherwise. Greater numbers 
assemble to hear preaching than formerly. 

Our young Indian converts continue a 
weekly prayer-meeting, which they intro- 
duced some months since. Some of the 
larger males assist us materially in our mis- 
sionary labours among the natives ; parti- 
cularly as interpreters,, and in praving in 
public ^vnr.<?hin, kr. ' 



Extraordinary Liberality. — No man in the 
United States ever contributed so generous- 
ly, in proportion to his means, for the sup- 
port of foreign and domestic missions, as 
Mr. Solomon Goodell, who died at Jamai- 
ca, Vt., in September, 1815, aged about 70. 
A particular account of this extraordinary 
man is given in the Missionary Herald for 
August. He was a plain, hard-working 
farmer, in moderate circumstances, and 
earned his property by severe personal la- 
bour on a small farm, situated on one of 
the rudest spots in the Green Mountains. 
The farm, and all the improvements upon 
it, including the house, were worth only be- 
tween 700 and 1000 dollars. Yet, under 
these circumstances, Mr. Goodell contrived 
by steady industry, and strict frugality, not 
only to support his fitmily, but to contribute 
princely sums in religious charity. 

About the year 1800, he gave §100 to the 
Connecticut Missionary Society, and con- 
tinued to send a donation of the same 
anjount at the return of each successive 
year for a considerable period. When the 
American Board of Foreign Missions com- 
menced its operations in 1812, Mr, Good- 
ell, of his own accord, and without solicita- 
tion, subscribed $500 for the immediate use 
of the Board, and $1000 towards a perma- 
nent fund. But this was not all. Between 
Feb. 6, 1812, and the time of his death, a 
period of only three years and a half, bis 
donations in aid of foreign missions, as ac- 
knowledged in the Panoplist, and including 
the sums above mentioned, amounted to 
{§3,686. At the same time that he contri- 
buted so generously for the spread of the 
Gospel among the heathen, Mr. G. also gave 
liberally for the support of domestic mis- 
sions, aiid aided in the education of several 
pious young men for the ministry. 

Mr. G. was a Baptist, yet be gave his 
njoney cheerfully to the support of other 
denominations. Indeed, it wi!! be perceived^ 
from the facts mentioned above, that his re- 
ligious charities were committed principally 
to societies composed of Congregationalists 
or Presbyterians. 

" It is not often," says the Missionary He- 
rald, " in this world so sadly alienated froui 
God, that a nobler spectacle is presented, 
tlian that of a hard-working man, unsolicit- 
ed, uninvited, acting from deliberate con- 
viction of duty, and the steady force of re- 
ligious principle, setting about the sale of 
his scanty agricultural products, and col- 
lecting the small sums due to him, till the 
aggregate forms a respectable amount ; and 
tlien, instead of adding to his farm, or pan- 
dering to his r.nimal gratifications, or hoard- 
ing his treasure for future contingencies, or 
making a rustic display of good cheer and 
free living ; instead of aiiy of these things, 
Av!)ich would seem so desirable to his frieiuU 



252 



MISCELLANY. 



[Aug. 



and associates, £,oiiig- with his accumulated 
gains, and cheerfully offering them all to his 
Divine Master and Lord, in the hope of 
communicating a knowledge of the Gospel 
to distant idolaters. The world may talk 
of greatness ; but what is the greatness of 
the poet, the orator, the warrior, the states- 
man, or even of the patriot, compared to 
this?" 

The Bible in Jsfeic- Jersey. — A few weeks 
ago, we stated, on the authority of a writer 
in the American Journal, published in 
Princeton, N. J., that there was a spot with- 
in a few miles from Princeton, where, in 
one day's walk, thirty families liave recent- 
ly been found who had no Bibles, and were 
too poor to purchase them: and we ex- 
pressed a hope that the publication of this 
tact would stimulate the good people of 
New- Jersey to spirited efforts for the sup- 
ply of their destitute population with the 
v;ord of life. The Methodist Recorder, 
published at Trenton, copies our article and 
appends to it the following note. — JV. F. Obs. 

[We have been requested to state, that if 
tlic writer of the article referred to in the 
preceding paragraph, will leave the names 
of the thirty families, destitute of the Bi- 
ble, to be found in one day's walk, at the 
office of the " Methodist Recorder," they 
will be furnished with the loord of life, with- 
in a fortnight.] This is as it should be. 

Worcester Liberality, — A meeting of 
friends of the Bible Society, was called a 
few days since, in Worcester, (Mass.) to 
listen to the communications of the dele- 
gates from the American Bible Society ap- 
pointed to visit that part of the country. 
We understand that addresses were deli- 
vered on the occasion, by the delegates, and 
by S. V. S. Wilder, Esq. after which a hand- 
some collection was taken up, and before 
the delegates left the village, more than six 
hundred dollars had been contributed by its 
inhabitants to the funds of the Society ! 

The London Baptist Magazine, for June, 
announces the death of the Rev. John Ry- 
land, D.D. L.L.D. President of the Bristol 
College and Senior Secretary to the Baptist 
Missionary Society. He died at Bristol on 
the 25th of May, in the 73d year of his age. 
A friend in this city, who was personally 
acquainted with this venerable man, has 
furnished us with the following brief sketch 
for our paper. 

H€ had sustained the Ministerial charac- 
ter for 57 years, and was honoured by his 
Master with eminent success in attaching 
sinners to the throne, the cross, and the 
Church of Christ. D.-. Ryland had for 31 
v<»ar« hem President of the College — and 



in that important situation, he advanced the 
interests of literature and religion by the 
energies of his powerful intellect, the pro- 
found depth of his erudition, and the illus- 
trious display of Christian grace which his 
character afforded. It was the distinguished 
honour of this man of God, that he laid the 
foundation stone of the Baptist Mission, 
aided by Fuller, Carey, Hogg, and Sut- 
cliffe. 

The cause of Missions, he felt to be the 
cause of God. To this worthy object, he 
directed ail the powers of his capacious 
mind. Peninsular India was ever in his 
thoughts ; for it he wrote, he prayed, he 
preached, he travelled, and he wept. Never 
did a man more ardently devote himself to 
any object, than did the venerable President 
to the evangelization of British India. 

The address at his grave was made by 
the Rev. Dr. Rippon ; and the funeral ser- 
mon was preached by the Rev. Robert Hall. 

JV'. Y. Obs. 



Independence of Hayti, — By the arrival of 
the Rebecca & Sally, in a short passage from 
Port-au-Prince, intelligence has been re- 
ceived that France has at length acknow- 
ledged the independence of this beautiful 
island. The government of Hayti has 
agreed to pay France for the recognition, 
and for some commercial privileges, the 
sum of one hundred and fifty millions of 
francs, (nearly thirty millions of dollars.) 

EXTRAORDINARY MUNIFICENCE. 

A paragraph has lately gone the rounds 
of the papers announcing that a gentleman 
of Virginia had emancipated upwards of 
eighty slaves, and chartered a vessel to send 
them, at his own expense, to Hayti ; but 
without giving the name of the author of so 
distinguished an act of munificence. We 
think it due to justice to supply this defi- 
ciency, and to add the following facts which 
have been communicated to us by gentlemen 
familiar with them, as well as by Capt. 
Russel, one of the owners of the brig Han- 
nah & Elizabeth, of Baltimore, the vessel 
chartered. 

The gentleman who has thus distinguish- 
ed himself is Mr, David Mingk, of Charles 
City Co. living near Sandy Point, on James 
river. Capt. Russel informs that there 
were put on board the Hannah & Elizabeth 
eighty-seven coloured people, of different 
ages, from three months to forty years,being 
all the slaves which Mr. M. owned except 
two old men whom he had likewise manu- 
mitted, but who being past service he re- 
tains and supports them. The value of 
these negroes, at the prices now going, 
mieht be estimated at about fwenty-six 



MISCELLANY. 



253 



tliousand dollars ! — and Mr. Minge expend- 
ed previous to their embarkation, about 
1200 dollars in purchasing piouglis, bocs, 
iron, and other articles of husbandry for 
them, besides providing them with several 
suits of clothes to each, provisions, groce- 
ries, cooking utensils, anu everything which 
he supposed thej might require for their 
comfort during the passage, and for their 
use after their arrival out — He also paid 
§1600 for the charter of the vessel. 

But Mr. Mingo's munificence does not 
end here — On tbe bank of the river, as they 
■were about to go on board, he had a peck of 
dollars brought down, and calling them all 
aroiuid him under a tree, distributed the 
hoanJ among them in such sums and undor 
such regulations that each individual did, or 
would receive seven dollars. By this provi- 
sion Mr. M. calculated that his emigrants 
would be enabled to commence the cultiva- 
tion of the soil imraediaiely after their 
arrival, without beir)g dept ndtnt on Presi- 
dent Eoyer for. any favour whatever, unless 
the permission to improve the government 
lands might be so considered. 

Mr. Minge is about 24 or 25 years of 
age, unmarried and unencumbered in every 
respect : possesses an ample fortune, and 
has received the benefits of a colh giate 
education at Harvard University. He as- 
signed no other motive for having freed his 
slaves, and for his subsequent acts of gene- 
rosity towards them, than that he conceived 
it would be doing a service to his country to 
send them out of it : that they had all been 
good servants, but that he was rich enough 
without them. 

METHODIST INDIAN MISSION'S. 

From the sixth annual report of the 
Methodist Missionary Society, inserted in 
the Methodist Magazine for July, we have 
collected the following information res- 
pecting the present state of the Indian mis- 
sions supported by the Methodists of this 
country. 

Mohawk Mission. — The Mission among 
the Mohawks, on the Grand River in Up- 
per Canada, continues to prosper, the 
school being wel' attended, and the society 
among the adult Indians is increasing in 
number and -itability. One converted chief, 
who can speak both in the Indian and Eng- 
lish tongue, promises great usefulness as a 
native preacher. 

IVyandott Mission. — The managers have 
received a very interesting communication 
from Bishop Soule, ccicerning the present 
prosperous state of the Wyandott mission. 
It is sufficient to state here, that the anti- 
cipations of the Christian community res- 



pecting the good effects of the Gospel 
among these people have been fully real- 
ized. The converted chiefs continue to 
edify their brethren by their godly example, 
and to encourage Hheiv hopes by prayers 
and exl.ortations. Their example indeed 
has " provoked others to love and kind 
works," and the gracious work is extending 
among some of the neighbouring tribes. 

Cherokee Missioii. — There are three 
missionary -stations among the Cherokee 
Indians, called the Lp|/er, Lower, and 
Middle Cherokee missions. The board 
have received no official information from 
either of these missions. 

Choctaw Mission. — A mission was esta- 
blished by the Mississippi conference at its 
last session, among the Chocta^v Indians, 
under the superintendence of the Rev. 
William Winans. No particulars respect- 
ing this mission are given in the report. 

Creek Mission. — Of the Asbury mission 
among the Creek Indians, the board do not 
say much of an encouraging nature. The 
school, however, continues to present hopes 
of ultimate success, while most of the adult 
Indians refuse to hearken to the Gospel. 
There are seven members of the church, 
and it is hoped that a patient perseverance 
in well doing will eventually overcome 
every impediment, and succeed in esta- 
blishing the triumphs of evangelical truth 
and holiness, even among these untractable 
people. 

The receipts 'of the Society during the 
past year amounted to $4140 ; of this sum 
S3399 were received from auxiliary socie- 
ties : $292 from collections; $180 from 
donations, and $136_from Annual and 
Life Subscribers. 

Rev. Mr. Irving. 

One of the editors of the New-York 
Daily Advertiser, now in London, thus 
speaks of this celebrated preacher. 

On Sunday I went to hear the Rev. Mr. 
Irving. He preaches in a very small cha- 
pel at present, but a new building is erect- 
ing for him. I listened attentively to a 
sermon of upwards of an hour in length. 
His mannerof preaching I was not pleased 
with. I think him very awkward- He 
kreps both hands moving constantly 
and his fingers bent the whole time as 
though he was holding something in his 
hands. His articulation is distinct, but at 
times he is so slow and apparently embar- 
rassed that he fatigues. There is nothing 
like passion about him. or eloquence ; but 
he is what I call a cold preacher — yet I was 
much pleased with parts of his sermon 



JkllSCELLANir* 



•which were full of plain illustrations, taking 
his hearers into places wiih u hicli many of 
them were familiar, and making compari- 
sons betweiMi temporal and spiritual things 
in a clear and perspiciltus style. 

Mr. Hume. — An intimate friend of the 
infidel Hume, asked him what he thought 
of Mr. VVhitefield's preaching, lor he had 
listened to the latter part of one of his ser- 
mons at Edinburgh. He is, Sir," said 
Hume, "the most ingenious preacher i ever 
beard. It is worth while to go twenty 
miles to hear iiim." He then repeated a 
passage towards tbe close of that discourse 
■which he heard. " After a solemn pause, 
lie thu-< addressed his numerous audience : 
•The aU,' ndaut angel is just about to leave 
the threshold, and ascend to heaven ; and 
shall he ascend, and not bear with him the 
news of one sinner among all this multi- 
tude, reclaimed Irom the error of his 
ways ?' 

** To give the greater effect to this ex- 
clamation, he stamped with his foot, lifted 
up his hands and eyes to heaven, and with 
gushing tears, cried aloud, ' Stop, Gabriel ! 
Stop,, Gabriel ! Stop ere you enter the sacred 
portals, and yet carry with you the news 
©f one sinner converted to God.' He then, 
in the most simple, but energetic language, 
described what he called a Saviour's dying 
love to sinful man; so that almost the whole 
assembly melted into tears. This address 
•was accompanied with such animated yet 
natural action, that it surpassed any thing I 
ever saw or heard in any other preacher." 
Happy had it been for poor Hume had he 
received what h*- then heard " as the word 
of God, and not as the word of man." 

Revival in Bath. — A letter to the edi- 
tor of the Maine Baptist Herald states, 
that the revival in Bath commenced about 
the last of February ; that it has been 
confined mostly to the youth ; and that 
Jijiy-seven persons-have been baptized. 

Anniversaries in Liberia. — Three an- 
niversaries are celebrated by the Colonists 
in Liberia; 1. Tke Fourth of July, the 
birth-day of the Independence of the world. 
2. The 17th of May, the day when the 
confederated Kings ceded to them the lands 
they occupy. 3. The day when they tri- 
umphed over those who had determined on 
their extirpation. 



The Baptist Evangelical Tract Society of 
Boston has published, during the past year, 
66,000 Tracts. The whole number pub- 
lished by this Society since its institution, 



is about 532,000. 
about $750. 



Receipts during theyear^ 



MISSION TO MK.SOPOTAMIA AND ASSYRIA. 

On the expediency of e.>-tablishing a mis- 
sion in this part of Asia, Mr. Wolf, has 
the following remarks : 

The establishment of a mission in Me- 
sopotamia and Assyria would, no doubt, be 
connected wuh many difficuities ; but it is, 
however, not impossible. It would be diffi- 
cult, on account of tbe Kurds, who are all 
over the country, and who would lay many 
difliculties in the way of a missionary car- 
rying Bibles from one p'ace to another j 
fur they would exact a heavy tribute from 
the missionary. But in the first instance, 
on account of the igt-orance of the Jews, 
in the villages of Mesopotamia, it would be 
useless to bring them a grt at quantity of 
Bibles. Ti;e> must first be taught the 
ABC, and a missionary might easily es- 
tablish himself at Moussul, where be may 
either lodge with the Syrians, or take 
a house from the Pasha of Moussul, 
from which place he might easily make 
an excursion to Sanjaar, Jallakha, Mer- 
deen, &c. in the company of a cara- 
van. But on such an excursion, he should 
strictly follow thegospe! directions, in pro- 
viding neither gold, nor silver, nor brass, 
in his purse ; nor scrip for his journey, 
neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet 
staves ;" for if he does, the Kurds will take 
all from him. Going thus, he will be well 
received in the housr of a Jew, or even of 
a Kurd, and may teach both Jews and 
Kurds to read and to write, and then he 
may return to Moussul. On his excursion 
from Moussul to Alkush, and Harkub, 
Kofri, &c. the road would be quite safe, 
and even at Moussul itself he would have 
a wide field for his labours. The Papists 
had establishments even at Merdeen and 
Moussul. Let u.s, therefore, begin in the 
name of the Lord, and in his strength, and 
we shall surely succeed. The Papists have 
given up their establishment at Moussul 
and Merdeen, 1 do uot know the reason of 
it. 

Some Catholics called to-day on me, and 
said, that they heard I came to this coun- 
try with a firman agair st the Catholics. I 
said to them, " The gospel is my only fir- 
man against you." 

It would be highly desirable that the Bri- 
tish and Foreign Bible Society should pro- 
cure a Chaldean Translation of tbe Bible. 
The Chaldean language, which is different 
from the Syriac, is spoken among the Nes- 
torians in the mountains, and is called Fal- 
lakhia, for Fallakh signifies village, and 
this language is spoken among the villagers, 



MlbCELLAlW. 



255 



who do not understand Arabic. The 
NestoriaMs also call this language Turani, 
from Tui (Mountain,) for they live upon 
the mountains. 1 understand the language 
pretty well, and 1 rejoiced to learn that 
the late Mr. Rich, who, akhough dead, 
still lives in the hearts of the inhabitants 
of Mesopotamia and Assyria, has bought 
a manuscript of the whole Bible in Chal- 
dee, Mrs. Rich has, probably, carried 
the manuscript to England. 

IMPORTANT CONSIDERATIONS. 

Choose God for your portion, remem- 
ber that he is the only happiness of an im- 
mortal soul. The soul that was made for 
God can find no happiness but in God j it 
came from God, and can never be happy 
but by returning to him again, and resting 
in him. God is all-sufficient ; get him for 
your portion and you have all ; then you 
have infinite wisdom to direct you, infinite 
tnowledge to teach you, infinite love to 
care for and comfort you, and infinite pow- 
er to protect and keep you. If God be 
yours, aUhis attributes are yours ; alibis 
creatures, all his works of Providence, 
shall do you good, as you have need of 
them. He is on eternal, full, satisfactory 
portion. He is an ever living, ever loving, 
ever present frier.d ; and without Him you 
are accursed in every condition, and all 
things will work apinst you. 

Consider, that ^jy nature you are dead 
in trespasses and sif)s ; a child of wrath, a 
stranger, and an enemy to God ; while you 
are such, the thoughls of God are ter. ible 
to you ; you can expect nothing from him 
but wrath and ever'asting burnings. God 
is ever angry wifti the wicked ; His 
holiness hates all sin ; llis all-seeing eye 
beholds it, and His justice will punish it. 

Consider, thai Chris', alone is your way 
to God. Justification, pardon, acceptance 
with God, is by faith in ilim alone. Sancti- 
fication and a new nature, are by the pow- 
er of His Spirit alone. l£t Christ there- 
fore be precious to youi souls. Labour 
for true faith in him ; take Him for your 
Lord and Saviour ; strive to submit to his 
commands in all things ; and rest your 
soul upon him alone for rccoaciliation and 
peace with God. 

The two Osage Indians, Mad Buffalo and 
Little Eagle, who were under sentence of 
death at Little Rock, (Ark.) for ibe murder 
of Major Welborn, and others, in 1822, 
have been pardoned by the President of the 
U. States. 

Theological Seminary at Jlkxanilria. — 
From the report of the Trustees of this Se- 
minary to the Episcopal Convention of Vir- 
ginia, it appears that it has now 21 students, 
and three professors ; and that a fourth pro- 



fessorship is soon to be filled. No buildings 
have yet been erected. During tlie meeting 
of the convention, more than 1,00U dollars 
were added to the lunds of the Seminary 

A Clergyman^s Life. — To a person who 
regretted to the celebrated Dr. bamuel 
Johnson that he had not been a clergyn»an, 
becau.-e he considered the life of a clergy- 
man an easy and comfortable one, the 
Doctor made this memorable reply. " The 
life of a conscientious ciergyinan is not 
easy. 1 have always considered a clergy- 
man as the father of a larger family than 
he is able to maintain. No, Sir, I do not 
envy a clergyman's life, as an easy life ; 
nor do I envy the clergyman who makes it 
an easy life." 

AFRICAN COLONY. 

If this colony shall prosper, as it proba- 
bly will, though it is too distant to have 
much effect in reducing the number of the 
free coloured population in the United 
States, which was the original design of it, 
it may have a happy efiect on the neighbour- 
ing nations or tribes in that quarter of the 
world, and become highly valuable to us on 
account of the commerce which it will af- 
ford. Coffee, cotton, and rice grow here as 
natives, and may be cultivated to any ex- 
tent. With these rich staples for exports, 
and a soil capable of producing abundant 
supplies of grain, what mighty results may 
be hoped for, when this colony of civilized 
blacks shall acquire power to command the 
respect of the adjacent inhabitants, forbid 
the slave trade, and enter into treaties with 
the European and American nations ; all 
these things may happen in less than fifty 
years, and possibly at an earlier period ; 
and the hope of spreading light through this 
dark land, siiouhl make us zealous for the 
success of the project,, notwithstanding it 
may not materially affect the design foe 
which the colony was established. The 
present colonists are healthy, and appear to 
be prosperous — and will be joined by others 
as fast, perhaps, as the general good will 
admit of. A very rapid accession of popu- 
lation cannot be otherwise than injurious, 
as destructive of those fruits which expc" 
rience has reared for the safety of persons 
and property. Jiiks''s Register. 

LOVE TO CHRIST EXPRESSED BY A DYING 
INFANT. 

" A little child was asked, when dying, 
where it was going? "To heaven," said 
the child. "And what makes you wish to 
be there ?" said one. " Because Christ is 
there," said the child. "But," said a friend, 
"what if Christ should leave heaven?" 
" Well, ' said the child, " I will go with 
him." Some time before its departure, it 
expressed a wish to have a golden crown. 



2o(j 



COXTRIBUTIOXS. 



[Aug. 



when it died. And what will you do," 
said one, "with the golden crown ?" "I 
will take the crown," said the child, " and 
cast it at the 'eet of Christ." 

How pleasant to remark the effects of 



grace in little children, and to view them, 
in their dying moments, bearing an honour- 
able testimony to the preciousness of 
Christ, and the excellence of religion ! 
Matt. xxi. 15. 



CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE UNITED FOREIGN MISSIONARY SOCIETY, 

During the Month of July, 1825. 



$5 00 
5 00 

12 00 



12 00 
2 00 



1 00 



From Samuel Hopkins, Esq. of Alba- 
ny, 

Donation from a friend to Missions, 
From Miss Beckman of New- York, 

2d Payment for Thomas Scott, 
The lat Payment for educating an 
Indian child, to be named Ro- 
bert Smith Chew, through the Rev. 
S. B. Wilson, of Fredericksburg, 
Va., 

From Rev. J. Vail, a Donation, 
From a Lady in Newark, N. J. by 

Rev. Mr. Hamilton, 
l^ound in a package of Clothing, from 

the Miss. Soc. of Littleton, N. J., 
From Rev. J. Hunting, 
From Rev. L. H., 

From Aux. Soc. of Bridgetown, N. J. 
by Levi Stratton, Esq., 

From Joseph Nourse, Esq. Wash- 
ington, D, C. to constitute his son 
Maj. Charles I. Nourse, a life 
member. 

From Young People's Aux. Miss. 
Soc. of Bethlehem, Orange Co., 
(collected in part at a public meet- 
ing on the 4th of July,) by Rev. S. 
H. Cox, 

From Young Ladies of the 1st Presb. 
Ch. Brooklyn, L. I. for the educa- 
tion of an Indian child at Catarau- 
gus, to be called As&hel Nettleton, 12 00 

From Aux. Soc. of Ghent, by the 
Rev. Mr. Wynkocp, 

The 3d Payment for Philip Dod- 
dridge, by Mrs. Mary Anna King, 
of Washington, D. C. 

The 2d Payment for a child at 
Cataraugus, by Miss E. Nitchie, 
of New- York, 12 00 

From Ladies of the Central Presb. 
Ch. i^eie-York, the 1st Payment 
for two Indian children, to be call- 
ed Henry Gilbert Ludlow, and 
William Patton, 24 00 

From the Teachers of Sab. Sch. 
Presb. Ch. Wall-st. New-York, 
4th Payment for Mary Ludlow at 
Harmony, 

From Aux. Soc. of Holidaysburgh, 
by Rev. James Galbraith, 

From Aux. Soc. of Berwick, Colum- 
bia Co., Pa. by Alexander Brooks, 
Treasurer, 



IG 00 



30 00 



23 50 



15 00 



12 00 



12 00 
3 00 



r. on 



From Aux. Soc. of W^oodbury, N. J. 

by Miss Maria Ogden, Secretary, 11 00 

From Aux. Soc. of Millstone, N. J. 
by Mr. John R. Davidson, 

From Aux. Soc. of Bridgeport, Pa., 
by Mr. Stephen Hawley, Secre- 
tary, 

From Aux. Soc. of Cutchogue, L. I., 

by Rev. Latiirop Thomson, 
From Month. Con. Trinity Presb. 

Ch. Manlius, N. Y., by Rev. He- 

zekiah N. Woodruff, 
From Joseph Denny's estate, for Mr. 

Otis Sprague of Harmony, by Mr. 

James A. Denny, 
Fiom Aux. Soc. of Pleasant Valley> 

N. J., by Mr. John M. Sherrerd, 

P. M., Treasurer, 
From Miss. Soc. of Northuinberland, 

Pa., by W. H. Sanderson, 85 00 

From Female Society of New-York, 

for educating Heather Youth, by 

Mrs. Lelhbridge, Tressffrer, 
From John Adams, Esq. New-York, 

a Donation, 
From Miss. Soc, of Greenwich, N. 

J., by L. Houghowoit, 
From Deacon John M'Clay, Ship- 

pcnsburgh, Pa., 
From Month. Con. Stippensburgh, 

Pa., by Rev. H. U. Wilson, 
From Aux. Soc. Lid Run, Center 

Co., Pa. by Mr. Jimes Linn, 
From Rev. John Kr.ox, 
From Presb. Con. Bridgetown, West 

New Jersey, by Rev. B. Hoff, 
From Aux. Soc. of Hacketstown, by 

A. De Witt, Jr., 
From Bethesda Church, York Dis- 
trict, S. C, by Rev. Robert Wal- 
ker, through J. Cornmg, Esq., 
From Piesb. Ch. Fishing Creek, 

Chester Djstrict, S. C, by Rev. 

John E Davies, through do.. 
From Cornelius Heyer, Esq., N. Y., 
From Evar;gelical Miss. Soc. Parsi- 

panny, N. J., by Miss Jane W. 

Howell, 

From Executors of the late Mrs. 

Hannaii Fish of Corn v/all. Orange 

Co., N. Y., (a bequest,) 
From Secretary of War, Quarterly 

allowance up to July 1st, 600 00 



13 00 



15 00 
4 00 



24 00 



30 00 



15 oe 



49 00 

50 00 



6 25 



5 00 

5 00 

15 00 
5 00 

15 00 

5 00 



[3 00 



30 00 
10 00 



19 04 



25 00 



$1254 79 



4l 



I